Is blockchain technology the second coming of the Internet? That seems to be the enthusiastic message from many new startups that I meet with and also from top business consultants such as Don Tapscott, who authored with his son Alex Tapscott, the recently published book, "Blockchain Revolution: How the technology behind Bitcoin is changing money, business, and the world."
Blockchain is a globally distributed ledger -- a platform for reliably clearing transactions without the need of a bank or other third-party. I get the concept behind blockchain, that everyone owns the same ledger and thus it can't be easily altered unless you can gain control of the majority of all the computing resources.
Weber Shandwick had a great turnout for its Future of Media event moving it to FAME on Broadway, a larger location in the heart of North Beach. And we had a rare all-woman panel after the lone male dropped out.
The moderator said it was a pleasure to be part of an all woman panel especially when the subject has nothing to do with women.
The moderator was Vivian Schiller Executive Editor-in-Residence at Weber Shandwick and the former Global Chair of News at Twitter, and a former CEO of NPR, did a good job including everyone in the conversation even if some panelists were way behind the times in their advice. For example: This is not a good time for journalists to strike out on their own, those days have come and long gone! Teams win.]
This is a huge deal, not only in size: $35 billion, but also in its impact on global markets; it topples Sir Martin Sorrell's WPP; and it's bad news for Silicon Valley companies such as Google [$GOOG] and Facebook [$FB].
Bloomberg reporters Kristen Schweizer and Marie Mawa: Publicis to Merge With Omnicom to Create Advertising Leader
Amazon [$AMZN] reported revenue up 22 per cent in its most recent quarter and a net loss of 2 cents a share compared with a profit of one cent a year ago. It missed Wall Street estimates of 5 cents per share profit.
Despite the large miss its share price dipped only 2 per cent in after hours trading underlying the completely different philosophy of its shareholders compared with other tech firms.
It was a spirited turnout for the Restore the Fourth march and protest attracting more than 400 people in San Francisco. The march and rally ended up at the AT&T building (ahove), which has housed an NSA spy room revealed by a whistle blower in 2006.
More photos and a short video:
There's a revolution in education taking place, many people have told me about the excellent education people can get through online courses, many of them free, some of them from top schools.
It's a disruptive trend. No, it's not.
The top schools won't be disrupted, even most other schools won't be affected by free online education.
Even if you could sit in on any lecture at any top school, Harvard, Stanford, MIT, etc, it wouldn't help you much at all. Students will still be competing to get into those top schools, happy to mortgage their, and their parents' futures, to pay to get into those top schools.
Because it's not about the education you get it's about the contacts you make. It's about joining a privileged group that takes care of its own throughout the rest of your life. The alumni associations and the other relationships you make are worth far more than the cost or even the quality of the education. It's not about knowing your subject, it's about who you know.
Take a look at this story from New York Magazine by Kevin Roose: How a 22-Year-Old Stanford Grad Won Silicon Valley’s Money Chase
Many 22-year-olds have struck it rich in tech, but rarely does one assemble the pieces of a start-up success story so methodically and quickly. The $25 million round Clinkle announced yesterday represented a near-perfect achievement of social and professional climbing. And it's all thanks to Stanford…
Stanford's computer-science department has become a sort of vocational school for the tech world. Stanford president John Hennessy is a Google director and a longtime tech investor. The Coupa Cafe, a coffee shop on campus, is perpetually jammed with venture capitalists meeting with student entrepreneurs. And every year, Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and other tech giants line up to woo Stanford grads to their ranks.
This type of thing is what happens at other top schools too, across every type of profession. The best jobs go to graduates of these schools. Is it because of the education? It's because of the connections.
Online education won't lead to a democratization of any kind. Money buys jobs and connections. The only thing online education courses will do is to up the ante on the skills needed for relatively low paying jobs. Employers will be able to demand skills that they might have had to pay much more for but now can expect workers to have as a base foundation.
Even then, low-tier schools have an advantage over a lone student working hard in their bedroom because even they have alumni networks and the connections with businesses that help their students find jobs.
Jaron Lanier, an early Internet pioneer, talks with FT Business about the new digital economies, and why free information is not a good idea.
(A Google engineer models 'Project Glass.')
The Google video of its Project Glass, wearable glasses concept is much more than a gimmick, it's a preview of a brilliant business strategy. Take a look:
Jeff Bezos is getting a lot more attention these days from the media and it's for all the right reasons: he has a distinct vision and his success is hard earned.
I had the great pleasure of meeting Jeff Bezos a few years ago (above, with Matt Greeley CEO of BrightIdea) and I was very impressed. It was a casual conversation but surprisingly striking in many ways. He clearly loves challenging conventional wisdom and exploring contrarian business strategies.
Peter Dengate-Thrush, the recent chairman of ICANN, the Internet regulatory body, warned that opposition to ICANN's new top level domain names (TLDs) could encourage some countries to split from the Internet.
In an interview with SVW, he said opposition by the US Association of National Advertisers (ANA), which represents large US corporations, threatens the independence of the global Internet.
My son told me about a breakthrough ad strategy he stumbled upon for his affiliate businesses: reduce your Google AdWords spend, yes, you drop down from #1 in the Google advertising order to #3 or so, but the conversion rate is still good and it's costing a lot less.
The reason I'm sharing this tidbit is because it reminded me of this: When Eric Schmidt, executive chairman of Google, testified recently in front of a Senate committee, he was asked about a puzzling set of search results, ones that consistently showed Google sites in the #3 position...
Irving Wladawsky-Berger takes a look at spending by large companies on research and development and their competitive advantage. He found little connection between the amount of R&D spending and innovation.
He cites a global report by Booz and Company, which found:
Updated: Global media companies are evaluating business models around a publishing medium with unique properties. Here's some of its specs:
- Instant on.
- Preserves data without power.
- High resolution.
- Can survive being dropped from 6 foot.
-Content can be annotated.
- Readable in bright sunlight.
- Range of realistic tactile surfaces.
- DRM qualities built-in -- it can only be copied with special machinery.
- Can be produced inexpensively with sustainable materials.
- Eliminates the digital divide.
- - Doesn't require specialist disposal.
- Resistant to wide operating temperature range from Arctic to hottest desert.
- Can be used for signage, and combined into panels for billboard-sized displays.
- Absorbent. Can be used with ink and also for human hygiene purposes.
One of my favorite entrepreneurs is Barak Hachamov, co-founder of My6Sense, the developer of a very interesting iPhone application that manages your content feeds, feeding you only the content that matters to you.
It's a great application, but I don't use my iPhone that much for reading content feeds and I'm always badgering Mr Hachamov to create a desktop version, so that it can surface what's of interest to me, without my having to physically search through tons of content. But My6Sense is firmly focused on the mobile space, and that makes sense, because focus is very important for startups.
Today, My6Sense launched its Attention API at the DEMO conference. With this API, other developers will be able to use the technology in their apps. Hopefully, someone will create a desktop app that I can use.
I've spent many an evening with Mr Hachamov talking about the future of mobile apps, and he is very much a visionary. He clearly understands that the future will not be like the present.
Search, or even what now call "human-powered" search, or curation, will not have much meaning in the near future - we will need what was once called "software agents" but Mr Hachamov calls 'digital intuition,' to help us.
My prediction for 2010 was that a media tsunami is headed our way. There's an unbelievably huge mountain of media -- video, text, images, podcasts, social information, etc, headed our way. We will drown in media, we won't be able to see the forest for the trees.
Simple search can't help us, "human search" won't be much better, because there aren't enough humans to filter everything, so that it represents what we want individually. We will need technologies such as that which My6Sense is working on.
This company has some of the world's top scientists working on the 'digital intuition' technology -- it's not an easy problem.
At the moment, the iPhone application is the best demonstration of its capabilities, but this type of technology will have increasing importance in our future worlds, where limited form factors, and the actual mobility of our selves, places huge challenges on our interaction with the digital worlds around us.
Louis Gray, who does some work for My6Sense, says it well:
Content is coming at us from every direction in the form of streams, from blogs to tweets to social networks. These streams are combining to become information waterfalls of noise from practically every direction -- noise because they are all shouting for our attention and demanding we choose them over updates from somewhere else.
The beauty of My6Sense is that it learns from individuals, and it learns very quickly what to filter.
Now, with the Attention API becoming available to others, Mr Hachamov hopes that developers will start to use the technology in their applications.
The move is an astute one because this type of technology will be needed in so many areas. The media tsunami affects everyone, and every media stream -- everything will be fighting for attention and trying to get on top -- we need something to create order out of the churning chaos.
There are companies offering similar technologies, sometimes called "recommendation engines." But by making its Attention API widely available, this is a way that My6Sense can get its technology into the hands of many developers, and quickly grab market share -- and just as importantly, mindshare.
Over the next several months, the Attention API is in closed beta and will be available to select partners. My6sense is interested in working with a diverse set of mobile application developers and content publishers -- from Twitter app developers to major news providers, vertical content providers, social networks, and more. Sign up at www.my6sense.com to become an Attention API partner and make sure your users find the needles in today's digital haystacks.
You can read more about the Attention API here:
Excellent column in NYTimes by Yochai Benkler, a professor and co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School.
Imagine that for $33 a month you could buy Internet service twice as fast as what you get from Verizon or Comcast, bundled with digital high-definition television, unlimited long distance and international calling to 70 countries and wireless Internet connectivity for your laptop or smartphone throughout much of the country.
That's what you can buy in France, and similar speeds and prices are available in other countries with competitive markets. But not in the United States. Prices here are three to five times that much for the fastest speeds -- the highest prices among advanced economies.
It's true. I was in Paris in December as part of the Traveling Geeks and we visited with France Telecom, which uses the Orange brand to sell a broad range of wireless, cellular, and wired telecoms and TV services. I couldn't believe how cheap some of the plans were. For about $30 you could get a combined plan that included your cell phone, TV, and landline phone. Plus there were lots of additional services for just a few bucks extra.
I have to spend about double that just to get my daughter a cheap cell phone plan, let alone the rest. Why is this?
The cost of doing business in France is quite high, cost of labor, network equipment, etc. Yet France Telecom, and others can offer such inexpensive plans and still make money.
What's going on here? Why don't we have similarly priced services?
License fees, taxes, and other fees make up nearly 50% of a low-end cell phone bill, also landlines have all sorts for fees and licenses. It pays to be a regulated industry because then the government, and various agencies, are on your side, they get a big cut. And they help keep out the competition.
Yet communications is at the heart of this next economic phase, and mobile comms is at the center of this next phase of the Internet. Mobile apps is where there is a ton of innovation happening. Now there is a focus on TV based apps, too.
Yet sitting in the middle are the Telcos and the cable companies charging four or five times the cost of such services in Europe.
A tax on innovation...
It's also creating a digital divide that keeps a large part of the population unable to afford to take part in the innovation in mobile apps and communications. How long is this going to continue?
The Obama administration has a national goal of providing consumers with affordable universal broadband of 100 Mbit/sec download speeds -- by 2020. South Korea has that today.
How long is this stranglehold on our future going to continue?
The Telcos act like luddites:
- They prevent technologies already present within phones to be turned on.
- They control what apps can and can't be run on mobile phones.
- They control which third party services can be run and how much money they are allowed to make.
The need for open access...
The problem is a lack of competition. Rates are low in other countries because their governments have passed laws that provide open access to the telco infrastructure.
Mr Benkler predicts that "without a strong commitment to open access, things will get worse."
And the Federal Communications Commission seems toothless, "senior commission staff members have essentially conceded in interviews that lobbying pressure from the monopolies is too strong even to begin exploring open access right now."
Mr Benkler points out that the cable companies "aren't keeping their excitement quiet: a recent Time-Warner investor briefing touted the company's ability to set higher prices in markets in which its potential competitors provide only DSL services."
Why keep quiet, it's exciting fleecing customers.
It's time for a change...
Will WiMAX vault over the walled gardens? It doesn't look like WiMAX performance is all that great.
What about Google going direct to the consumer? It's not a service organization, it's not set up to deal with consumers, and their complaints, and their calls (as demonstrated in its attempt to" revolutionize" the cell phone market with it's Nexus One phones).
Why don't we have competition? Why aren't VCs funding a competitor?
Because there is no guarantee of open access, without that we can't have any competition. You'd need to dig new trenches and lay new cable.
Maybe there is a municipal angle?
Could municipalities/communities gain control over their wireless and wired networks? It would seem that this might be an avenue to explore. After all, some communities run their own power and water utilities, why not comms too?
I caught up with Kieran Hannon the other day. He was in the Bay Area for a meeting with the Irish prime minister (he's on the board of Enterprise Ireland) and I realized it had been a good few years since I had last seen him.
He used to be co-managing director of Grey Advertising, then had gone off to Texas to work as VP of Marketing for Radio Shack, and then moved to Santa Monica, in Southern California. He's now working as COO at a promising startup called Sidebar, which has an interesting mobile technology that recommends content based on what people like, very useful for online retailers and others.
Kieran and his family had spent 18 years living in San Francisco, and I was curious what life in Southern California (SoCal) was like.
He said life was good, and that the startup scene was healthy and that there are a lot of media/technology centers there. I often write about how Silicon Valley has become Media Valley, because of all the media companies here (Google, Facebook, Yahoo, Twitter, etc) so it makes sense that SoCal, with its rich media history, would be a fertile breeding ground for media technology startups.
Earlier this week, Mark Suster, a VC based in SoCal, wrote an excellent post about startups in LA. Want to Start a Technology Company in LA?
He makes some great points:
...LA [is] the second largest city in the country with a population if 16 million. We have universities like Caltech, UCLA, USC and many more. We have many seasoned entrepreneurs who have built successful companies here and made a lot of money for investors and themselves. But LA is not Silicon Valley and we don't need to aspire to be so. We will never be Silicon Valley in the way that Toronto will never be Hollywood. But we have a great city for building technology companies.
He goes into details about how LA is not like Silicon Valley.
- Funding is different, there are smaller "A" rounds of around $3m rather than $10m here.
- Recruiting is different. There aren't huge pools of engineers, but it is possible to build 100+ sized teams.
- Commuting isn't as bad as people think it is, most people live close to where they work. And hey, commuting isn't that easy here.
- Lots of content creation skills. This is an interesting point to make because software engineers can be found almost anywhere in the world today, but content creation skills are very culture specific, you can't outsource this work.
- There are now larger numbers of successful entrepreneurs, many are on the their second and third successful company.
Here are a few success stories:
There is a lot of innovation happening in LA from places like Eqal, Deca.TV, DemandMedia's studios, Clicker, Filmaka and other initiatives.
. . .
The whole category of "sponsored search" came from a successful LA company, Overture. (my firm, GRP Partners, was an investor). LA produced Applied Semantics that created AdSense and was bought by Google. We were also an investor in the early local listing company, CitySearch - an LA company. LA was a leader in lead generation (LowerMyBills), comparison shopping (PriceGrabber, Shopzilla), social networking (MySpace ... I know, I know - Facebook won - but it was still a big business). If we extend a bit North up the coast line we have many affiliate marketing innovators including ValueClick, Commission Junction and FastClick. They also produced GoToMeeting and CallWave.
. . .
A great team from MySpace has created Gravity. Gil Elbaz from Applied Semantics has now created Factual. Zorik Gordon is tearing it up at ReachLocal. TechCoast Angels backed GreenDot should be a major IPO this year. Frank Addante has created Rubicon Project. Douglas Merrill, the former CIO of Google, is building his next company in LA. Scott Painter, founder of CarsDirect has created two new generation LA startups (Zag and TrueCar, both backed by GRP Partners). Brett Brewer (ex MySpace) has AdKnowledge, there is Adconian, Legal Zoom and many more. Hautelook, Gogii, Magento - all very high potential companies building in LA.
Mr Suster is one of the organizers of Launchpad LA V2, which was announced today. This is a project aimed at helping first-time entrepreneurs and helping to educate them and guide them in building successful companies.
We will be selecting 10 startup companies to participate. There is no cost but you must physically be based in or move to Los Angeles for the 6 months of the program. Applications are due April 6th, 2010, the form is on the website and the Twitter address is@launchpadlad
A West Coast corridor of innovation...
It won't be long before we have a West Coast corridor of innovation stretching from Silicon Valley to Southern California, and beyond.
In fact, if you fly from San Diego heading north along the coast you pass over tons of innovation centers:
- The communications and biotech industries of San Diego;
- The electronics industries of Orange County;
- The media centers of Hollywood and Santa Monica;
- Then you reach San Francisco/Silicon Valley with its electronics, software, media tech, biotech, cleantech industries;
- Then Portland with its thriving startup scene plus Intel's big presence there;
- Seattle with a thriving tech scene mostly spun out of Microsoft, and Amazon;
- Vancouver and its software industry.
Wow. 1400 miles of innovation. There's no other region like it, hundreds of miles of world-class, industry leading, innovation and creativity.
Interestingly, it's all built on top of one of the most unstable fault lines in the world. A disruptive reality. Is there a connection?
I've always said that innovation has to be disruptive otherwise it's not innovation.
The Internet is huge but it's a hodgepodge of hundreds of thousands of smaller, private networks, connected through thousands of Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and dozens of backbones operated by the large Telcos and service providers.
Moving data from one end of the Internet to the other can mean traveling across many different computers and different networks. Some of these computers and networks are old and inefficient while some are modern and very efficient.
They are all tied together into what we call the Internet, through a collection of standards. These standards determine how a packet of data can reach its destination, complete and undamaged.
Many large Internet companies own large chunks of the Internet through building their own data centers, networks, backbones, etc. This helps to keep their costs down.
Google is big...
Google is one of those companies that owns a large chunk of the Internet. It has more than 50 data centers around the world; it builds its own servers; it operates its own backbones that shuttle huge amounts of data across the world; it develops its own software for managing all of its data; it keeps banks of servers in the data centers of ISPs so that it can cache data closer to delivery; and more, much more.
How big is Google? asks Arbor Networks. It's a rhetorical question because Arbor knows, it sells network control and monitoring hardware used by the largest ISPs and corporations.
Arbor says that Google is very big:
I mean really big. If Google were an ISP, it would be the fastest growing and third largest global carrier. Only two other providers (both of whom carry significant volumes of Google transit) contribute more inter-domain traffic. But unlike most global carriers (i.e. the "tier1s"), Google's backbone does not deliver traffic on behalf of millions of subscribers nor thousands of regional networks and large enterprises. Google's infrastructure supports, well, only Google.
Based on data from 110 ISPs collected in the summer of 2009, Google was responsible for as much as 10% of all Internet traffic.
If a company wants to compete with Google on a large scale, the costs of shuttling data packets around, whether they be Twitter packets or video packets, starts becoming very important at these large scales.
The competition between Google, Microsoft, Yahoo and other large content players has long since moved beyond just who has the better videos or search. The competition for Internet dominance is now as much about infrastructure -- raw data center computing power and about how efficiently (i.e. quickly and cheaply) you can deliver content to the consumer.
And that's why Google has focused on building the most efficient, lowest cost to operate, private Internet. This infrastructure is key to Google, and it's key to understanding Google.
The cost of aluminum...
Google will locate its massive data centers where electricity costs are low, such as where there is hydro-electric power. There's a shortcut to finding these locations, look for places where there are aluminum smelters -- these use huge amounts of electricity.
[Back in 2005 I was tipped off by a source that Google was looking at places for new data centers, related to aluminum smelters. But I was unable to write about it directly. I put the scoop in the form of a cryptic sentence and called it a "Crypto-Scoop."
GOOG is prophetic, rather than superstitious,
about its interest in places of power,
associated with the 13th building block of the Original Design.
(Aluminum is the 13th element in the periodic table - a fundamental building block of the Universe.) I have no idea if anyone worked it out :)]
Power and computing costs...
Google knew back then that electric power costs would be important in determining the cost of data centers. Today, it is high on the list of priorities for all data centers. That's also why it has been investing in power generating technologies, such as wind, sun, and geothermal.
It has a key goal of generating electric power from renewable energy sources at a cost less than coal-generated electric power. That would be an incredible achievement.
Always lower costs...
Google always focuses on finding the lowest costs even though it can easily afford to pay more. Google builds its own servers, made from off-the-shelf low cost components, with cheap hard drives. It has developed its own software that deals with component failure and moves work loads across huge numbers of servers. Managing failure is built into Google's data center operating systems.
It has bought up lots of "dark fiber," at a very low cost. This is optical fiber that hasn't yet been 'lit' but it is in the ground, in place, ready to be hooked up.
Because Google has so much fiber, it operates one of the largest backbones in the world. It also means that it can trade bandwidth with others.
Large Telcos and ISPs have peering arrangements with each other. This means that if they have the capacity, they will carry extra traffic for each other. These peering arrangements mean that Google's bandwidth bill for all that YouTube video is zero.
It's difficult to believe, but your bandwidth bill to watch a YouTube video is more than Google's. Because of bartering through peering agreements, its only cost is in maintaining its own networks and backbones.
Skipping the last mile...
Google still needs ISPs and Telcos for the last mile, to deliver its various services and products, to the end user/consumer. But it has been experimenting with going direct.
It has experimented with free municipal Wi-Fi, and more recently, it is setting up high speed bandwidth to communities with 500,000 people or less.
This doesn't necessarily mean that Google wants to become an ISP or a Telco. It is not a service organization and it doesn't want that headache, but it does want to spur ISPs and Telcos to develop high-speed data connections, so that it can deliver future products and services that require high speed data.
The Internet is becoming ever more Google's...
Googles growth means that it is building a much faster, and much more power efficient, and much greener Internet. And through peering agreements, it is carrying much more than just Google traffic, it is quickly, and quietly becoming an important carrier for all Internet traffic.
There are huge indirect benefits from Google's work that make the Internet a better service for every Internet user.
What will this lead to? It's going to lead to regulatory scrutiny because Google will be increasingly seen as an 'essential facility' vital for the economies of regions, nations, and entire trading blocs.
Increased scrutiny by governments, and regulatory bodies, will make it more difficult for Google to execute on its business strategies. Combined with the increased scrutiny of Google's acquisitions by the Federal Trade Commission, Google's future ambitions will become ever more restricted.
Google sees the writing on the wall. It has boosted how much it spends on lobbying in Washington. [Antitrust Heat -- Google Spends Millions To Influence Washington - SVW]
A layer cake business...
Google might decide that its value lies in its incredibly efficient infrastructure, which is far more efficient and lower cost than the Internet as a whole.
Once you have the lowest cost infrastructure, you can layer and scale other business services on top. Such as payment systems, basic voice and data services, security systems, and commerce platforms (advertising).
Google might decide it doesn't need to own a Facebook, Twitter a Yahoo, or an Amazon -- when it can host all the data packets. It can carry and trace a data packet from source to destination and back again -- it can mine all that transactional data. That's extremely valuable.
It's a little known fact that Google keeps all of its data, all transactional data. It erases part of the identifiable meta data, but that can be reconstructed. [Google Keeps Your Data Forever - Unlocking The Future Transparency Of Your Past - SVW]
That transactional data is incredibly valuable, and even though we can't unlock it to its fullest value today, Google is working on it.
By being able to build the most efficient, private Internet, Google makes it extremely difficult for any competitor to challenge it. There is no 'price umbrella' that competitors can use.
For example, there used to be lots of mainframe computer companies because IBM, the largest mainframe computer maker, used to charge very high prices. There was a substantial price umbrella set by IBM that sheltered competitors, and allowed them to sell IBM compatible mainframes and still make a good living.
You can see similar price umbrellas in other business sectors.
Google has made sure that by building the most efficient, lowest cost infrastructure, there is no price umbrella that could be exploited by competitors. It's more like a manhole cover, try to get under it, and you fall into a hole...
This strategy means that Google leaves money on the table, it could make more money over the short-term by creating a price umbrella. Instead, it has chosen a long term business strategy which doesn't give competitors any toehold, let alone an umbrella.
Its stock ownership is set up so that founder's stock has ten times the voting rights of public shares, this allows it to avoid shareholder pressure to pursue short-term business goals.
This all adds up to make Google into a truly formidable force, and one that continually amasses greater powers and influence. 'Do no evil' is the very least it can do.
Please see my PearlTree on the 'Google Internet.' [PearlTrees is an SVW client and it's a great media technology that organizes web pages in a visual way.]
People like to talk about disruption but sometimes some people misunderstand the power of disruptive technologies.
I've had companies tell me: "Yes, we know we are in danger of disruption but we see it, we can adapt, we can change and take advantage of it."
Good luck. Even when you can see the train wreck ahead. You will likely slam right into it. Disruptive technologies disrupt. Technologies are not called "disruptive" just for the sake of it.
Niki Scevak, a serial entrepreneur, writing over at Bronte Media, has a nice analysis of AOL versus Yahoo. He says that AOL, under Tim Armstrong and his team, has a more realistic understanding of the advertising markets, and where things are headed.
Carol Bartz, who I am sure is an excellent manager of large companies, seems lost. See Arrington’s article on a speech she gave recently where she said: “she’s counting on an improvement in the economy to drive Yahoo growth”.
Well, let me save you some time Carol: Stop counting. The economy won’t help you...
The second thing that enrages me about that statement is that it’s completely out of her control. And what track record does Bartz have in forecasting economic indicators? Where are the statements related to things under her control?
Mr Scevak says he will short YHOO and buy AOL.
My main reason for thinking this is that AOL has a management team that is in tune with the reality of the Internet. Yahoo has a management team still grasping with the basics of advertising and that’s not mentioning the basics of online advertising.
A better strategy might be to short both because there is a huge disruptive wave moving through the media industry. The disruption is affecting every media business, old and new(er).
AOL might have a better view into the disruption but that's no guarantee of success. Just because you can see the train wreck ahead, doesn't mean you can avoid slamming straight into it.
Look at what happened with the microcomputer/PC technologies. Over a period of about a decade, that basket of technologies disrupted hundreds, if not thousands of companies, in the computer industry. IBM barely survived. It had to reinvent itself as a computer services company.
So many companies, DEC, etc, saw the disruption ahead. But they couldn't change fast enough, they couldn't downsize fast enough, they slammed straight into the train wreck. Some did make it through to the other side but many didn't. Disruptive technologies disrupt.
Even if you see things coming, as the newspaper companies now do, there's sometimes little they can do about it. The Internet is a hugely disruptive media technology and that's where we see the disruption the most.
Newspaper, and other media companies, have to act a lot faster than they are. Many won't make it through to the other side no matter what they do. Disruptive technologies disrupt.
(Oh, and by the way, every company now is a media company, every company is in a disruptive pathway. And here's a plug for my media/business strategy consultancy services, which help me publish SVW - 415 336 7547 or [email protected])
The excellent Atlantic Monthly published this article: Have You Ever Tried to Sell a Diamond?. It's about the origin of the De Beers organization, which sells diamonds.
As I was reading it it struck me that there might be some lessons here for the news industry.
Take a look at this:
Until the late nineteenth century, diamonds were found only in a few riverbeds in India and in the jungles of Brazil, and the entire world production of gem diamonds amounted to a few pounds a year.
In 1870, however, huge diamond mines were discovered near the Orange River, in South Africa, where diamonds were soon being scooped out by the ton. Suddenly, the market was deluged with diamonds.
The British financiers who had organized the South African mines quickly realized that their investment was endangered; diamonds had little intrinsic value--and their price depended almost entirely on their scarcity.
In the online world, there's tons of news, the market is deluged with news. News stories had value when there was scarcity (newspapers were sole sources in local markets).
So what did the diamond producers do?
The major investors in the diamond mines realized that they had no alternative but to merge their interests into a single entity that would be powerful enough to control production and perpetuate the illusion of scarcity of diamonds.
The instrument they created, in 1888, was called De Beers Consolidated Mines, Ltd., incorporated in South Africa."
What can the news industry do? Merge their interests into a single entity, a type of 'De Beers Consolidated News, Ltd' incorporated in Iceland (to avoid anti-trust).
There is a huge industry that lives off of the professional news industry. Much of that could be swallowed up into 'De Beers Consolidated News,' which could become its own news aggregator, its own Google News, Digg, Stumbleupon, etc.
'De Beers Consolidated News' could provide a single point of licensing for online reprints, reuse, etc. It might even use my idea of 'adtribution' in which reusers of news copy agree to carry the text-ads of the original news site, thereby using the power of the Internet and third parties, to disseminate news and ads.
Only the online content would be aggregated in 'De Beers Consolidated News.'
Take a look at Fair Syndication Consortium. That's getting close to a 'De Beers Consolidated News.'
- News sources that were fast, and accurate, could be rewarded by the best syndication deals.
- More money would be returned to fund high quality news stories.
- It would be a virtuous cycle. Much better than the current cycle of newsroom cutbacks, crap news stories . . . more death spiral than cycle.
Today's Google Buzz introduction was impressive in that it attempts to link together so many Internet services, and there will be more added in the near future.
Friendfeed (now owned by Facebook) attempted to do the same but Friendfeed suffered from a perception that it was mainly for the geek elite. Will Google Buzz face a similar fate? It's too early to say.
What is clear is that Google Buzz can be viewed as just one version of the 'one ring to link them all' model that many other businesses are trying to attain. If you can own that ring, you rule them all.
You can see that strategy at Facebook, Twitter, and at other companies in their fields, such as Salesforce.com in enterprise apps.
Owning instead of linking...
Google says that its future plans include integrating Buzz into its other services, and that they will observe how people are using it. And this is where Google has an advantage in that it owns many web services such as email, photo sharing, document sharing, voice calls, text messaging, maps, news readers, etc.
Facebook is also trying to become the 'one ring to link them all.' And like Google, it has its own services; it is about to launch a new souped up email system; it integrates Twitter updates; it has become one of the largest photo and video sharing sites; it has event services, and more services are on their way.
Microsoft Live has a similar strategy and similar services. And other companies are moving in the same direction, for example Nokia, with its OVI push around mobile maps, and other online services.
It will be important to own your own Internet services because third party services will undoubtably start to limit how much of their user data they are willing to share with other businesses. Such data is made available through open APIs (application programming interfaces). Open APIs are essential for social networking and sharing across many different Internet sites.
Increased competition will very likely be reflected in constraints on open APIs. Why make it easier for another business to roll up your user data? Each business will try to make life difficult for its competitors, and for future ones.
From open APIs to ajar...
APIs will become 'ajar' in that they will be partially open. Limited APIs are hated by the geek community but they make perfect sense for businesses trying to stop competitors from profiting from their user communities.
Limited APIs will make it very difficult for Google, or any other company, to create a 'one ring to link them all' model. We are much more likely to have a series of separate 'rings,' each one representing a fairly closed, self-contained world, where common Internet services are aggregated.
Unfortunately, this all points to a future Internet that is increasingly closed and proprietary.
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I never believed in online shopping price comparison services. Because I never believed that retailers would allow their sites to be scraped and their prices easily compared.
Why would they do that? What advantage is there in allowing third-party services to undermine their business?
I have rarely been able to find a straightforward price comparison that was able to factor in everything, such as shipping, taxes, and extras.
The East coast camera retailers, for example, would advertise low prices online but then charge you extra for flash memory, shipping, warranties, and 'camera kits,' that quickly negated any savings.
And it makes sense that retailers would try to make it as difficult as possible to get a clean price quote because otherwise they are at the mercy of the lowest price competitor. They would also be at the mercy of their stupidest competitor -- the one that charges an unrealistic price, too low to maintain profitability or viability.
Today's New York Times has a report by Brad Stone on yet another aspect of online pricing - manufacturers seeking to control what price retailers can advertise on their products.
On some pages of e-commerce sites selling products like televisions, digital cameras and jewelry, a critical piece of information is conspicuously missing: the price tag.
Customers have to go to the online checkout to see the price. These missing prices are more likely to be methods of thwarting price comparison engines rather than manufacturers' price controls.
Retailers have long managed to get around pricing controls by giving other things away. For example, Apple dealers aren't allowed to under cut each other on price but they can give away printers and other products, which effectively undercuts Apple's recommended retail prices.
What is much more interesting is this tidbit, buried deeper in the NYTimes article, almost at the very end:
Instead of selling e-books wholesale to retailers like Amazon.com, the publishers want to sell them directly, setting prices and having the retailer act as an agent, taking a fixed 30 percent commission.
Wow. Turning Amazon into an affiliate! How ironic, since Amazon is one of the largest affiliate marketers, offering a percentage of revenues sold by third parties.
This is the danger that online retailers now face: what if their suppliers want to sell direct?
A search engine, such as Google or Bing, would be able to make it very easy to find the online stores of the manufacturers of many goods. This would be like a huge outlet store in the cloud.
In most cases manufacturers are already drop-shipping orders on goods collected by online retailers. Why not cut out the middle man?
In addition, the manufacturers would be collecting important customer data -- data that is currently kept by the retailer. They would be able to develop a direct customer relationship for the very first time (beyond the voluntary 'warranty' cards found with many products).
And if you know who bought what and when, it becomes easy to work out who will probably be needing a new washing machine, or computer, because the old one is on its last legs. Your marketing goes direct -- which cuts out a lot of costs.
Fortunately for the retailers, manufacturers don't know how to market well, or how to manage a direct customer relationship. At least, not yet...
Amazon has some protection from this trend in that it has layered on a lot of cool features and services, such as customer reviews, and secure online payment systems. That will help in retaining customers and making it less attractive for its suppliers to sell direct.
But it's clear that there are troubling signs ahead, that the Internet does make it possible for manufacturers to sell direct; and that search engines could create the storefront; they could aggregate customer reviews; and offer secure payment services (Google Checkout).
Online retailers are caught between a rock (search engines) and a hard place (suppliers selling direct). Both have sound business reasons to squeeze out the middle guy.
This is less true for retailers that also have physical locations such as Wal-mart or Best Buy. Will Amazon make a bricks and mortar acquisition?
Rick Edmonds, over on Poynter Online, notes that the classified ads sector dropped to $6 billion in 2009. This compares with $10 billion in 2008, and $19.6 billion in 2000.
Much of that drop can be attributed to Craigslist, which doesn't charge any money for most of its classified ads listings. With about 30 staff, Craigslist has managed to usurp a huge amount of newspaper ad revenues.
You can't compete against an organization that charges nothing. And Craigslist charge nothing for most of its classified ads because it can. It doesn't want to make money on its ads.
Craigslist founder Craig Newmark is very rich, but these are 'accidental' riches, it is an embarrassing position for him. Same for Jim Buckmaster, the CEO. Jim spent ten years at a commune in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
"We try to maximize social capital rather than financial capital," explained Jim Buckmaster in a 2006 Daily Telegraph article of the philosophy that held sway at craigslist from the start. "We get a lot of personal satisfaction from all the thank-you notes we get from people. We have it pretty darn good. We just don't see any reason to try and put a bunch of zeros at the end of bank balances that are perfectly adequate."
"We're not so much anti-capitalist," said Buckmaster, who lived in a rented house and had never owned a car. "We're fortunate enough to have built a very healthy business, even though we haven't attempted to." Newmark, who owned a modest home in San Francisco and drove a Toyota Prius, explained it thus in the San Francisco Chronicle in 2001. "I have no objections to being rich, and I'm sure not anti-commercial, but we made a conscious decision about what craigslist was all about. And it's not about making money."
How can newspaper's compete when their competitor doesn't want to make money?
Craigslist execs often say that the newspapers are profit hungry corporations.
But, classified ads revenues put a lot of dinners on a lot of tables in a lot of communities. People employed in taking classified ads were regular working people.
And the ad money supported tens of thousands of hard working journalists, earning fairly low salaries. The ad money subsidized news gathering operations that are essential to local communities.
That represents a hell of a lot of 'social capital.'
It remains to be seen if "citizen" journalism can fill an expanding hole in quality news coverage.
I'm not criticizing Craigslist specifically, because if it wasn't them, it would be someone else exploiting this opportunity. But it shows how the Internet enables a team of just 30 people to replace the work of ten of thousands, more likely hundreds of thousands of people.
If you extrapolate from Craigslist, to many other industries that are being disrupted by Internet economics, you have to question how will people earn a living?
In the past, we have managed to create new kinds of jobs. And to some extent, new jobs are being created, such as in search engine optimization, or social media experts. But these are hardly mainstream jobs.
It seems to me that all this progress in creating ever more efficient industries will require a restructuring of society. And that's never a pleasant prospect.
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Foremski's Take: My first impression of Apple iPad is that its low price of $499 is due to the fact that it's basically a storefront for Apple's iTunes and iBooks online store.
It looks like there is no Adobe Flash video support, or Microsoft Silverlight video support, which means no Hulu, no BBC iPlayer, no Netflix Direct. You won't be able to stream video from anyone but Apple.
Belt-and braces DRM...
By using the iPhone OS and its own proprietary hardware, Apple has managed to build a solid belt-and-braces digital rights management (DRM) system, that is the platform itself.
Applications and media designed to run well on the iPad will be optimized to run on the Apple iPhone OS and also, on its proprietary hardware, the A4 microprocessor.
This provides an extra level of DRM support making it more difficult to pirate apps and media onto other platforms.
Buy all media through the Apple funnel...
Apple says iPad "comes with iTunes and iBook" stores. Apple is setting itself up as the funnel for all other media.
Media creators, after Apple approval, will be able to sell their content: tunes, movies, TV shows, books, podcasts, newspapers, apps, etc through its online store, delivered to Apple devices such as iPad, iPhone, optimized to run the media at its best.
Apple takes a cut of the revenue...
By building a proprietary, closed platform, with its own hardware and software, Apple is able to capture a larger part of the value stream from selling media.
The benefit to customers are:
- cheaper devices subsidized by media sales
- A very good customer experience because the media and platform are co-optimized for each other.
- Easy access and purchase of media through WiFi to iTunes or 3G (AT&T data plans.)
Issue for media publishers...
The issue for creators is that Apple is the only way to get media and apps onto the iPad and iPhone. You have to go through Apple.
Will they try to weaken Apple's position by making their media available on other platforms? Yes. But Apple knows the customers will decide and it has a very strategic customer base of early adopters.
Although Apple has a tiny share of the overall computer and phone market, its customers form a large share of the early adopter market. This is a well-heeled group with lots of money to spend on media -- more than any other comparable demographic.
From the early adopters comes the development of mass markets. The iPhone went from an elitist toy to a mass market phone in less than 2 years, in many countries -- a trend that will get larger after exclusive carrier contracts expire.
From e-media to i-media...
Apple is making a bold bid to tie up a dominant share of the future media e-commerce market -- the sale of digital books, movies, newspapers, etc.
Its proprietary hardware and software strengthen its DRM; media creators want strong DRM, which will attract them to Apple. And it's iTunes store distributes the media for them and collects payment.
In this way, through its closed and tightly controlled systems, Apple can provide a high quality experience to users, and provide media and apps creators with a highly efficient commerce platform.
This is how Apple will dominate the sales of all future forms of digital media.
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UPDATE: Nicholas Carr seems to agree. He has written "Hello iPad, Goodbye PC"
Towards the end of his article, he writes:
"Today, Jobs's ambitions are grander than ever. His overriding goal is to establish his company as the major conduit, and toll collector, between the media cloud and the networked computer.
Jobs doesn't just want to produce glamorous gizmos. He wants to be the impresario of all media."
I've been meeting a lot of media people, and having the same conversation, how difficult it is to make a living. Even if you work for a 'new media' publisher, it's tough to make a living as a media professional.
I shouldn't be surprised about all the disruption going on in the media sector because I was one of the first to draw attention to the gathering disruptive forces that will affect media way back in 2004.
That was the year I left my job as a reporter at the Financial Times to make a living as a 'blogger' journalist. By being the first reporter to do that, it has given me a valuable insight into the media sector as a whole.
My business reporting background gave me the analytical tools I needed to figure out what was happening in the media industry.
I understood how the old media business worked because that's where I came from. And in my new job as an online publisher, I saw the economics of the new world.
I quickly saw that the old media world would face a huge problem transitioning to the economics of the online world.
Althoug it was five years ago I started warning people about this massive issue, few understood there would be a problem. The difficulties in the media industry were seen as part of a business cycle rather than the fact that a fundamental change had happened.
I could see that there was no way that a current media business could make the transition to economics of the online world without a tremendous amount of pain. Even a large regional newspaper such as The San Francisco Chronicle would be in trouble. In trouble because of its many costs: more than 400 editorial salaries, its admins, its pension plans, office buildings, expense accounts, its vans, its printing press etc.
There was no way online revenues would support that cost structure.
I could see that "you can't get there from here." It's a wonderful American expression that makes perfect sense in the context of the media industry.
Back in 2005 I was writing articles about this issue and asking "What will happen if the old media dies before the new media learns to walk?" What will happen if this coming disruption is so devastating that we lose the best practices of journalism that have taken hundreds of years to develop?
What happens if we lose most of our journalists, editors, and all the rest of our media professionals?
Five years ago I thought that by now we would have figured out a viable business model for most types of online media businesses.
Five years ago I thought that we would go through a tough disruptive period that would shake up the media industry but that by now we would have figured out the new media business model.
I was right about the disruption, I was wrong about how long it would take.
So I shouldn't be surprised that media is a tough place to be in right now. I shouldn't be surprised that many of my conversations at CES have been about how tough it is to be in the media business.
It's frustrating that my foresight into the media sectors future challenges has been no more valuable than hindsight. Seeing the future doesn't mean you can change the future.
I, too, am caught in the middle of the disruption, I, too, am trying to figure out how to make a living as a media professional...
I love my beat: reporting from Silicon Valley at the intersection of technology and media. Silicon Valley is now a Media Valley, driving much of the disruption of the media industry. And I love the irony that media is the worst place to be as media professional, but it's the most fascinating story around. And I love that I'm in the story too.
And it is great to be in the middle of one of the most important questions facing society: How do we figure out the new business models for professional journalism?
The software engineers have a saying: Garbage in, garbage out. We need professional journalism because we need high quality information so that we can make good decisions as a society.
We need high quality information so that we can improve our chances of making the right decisions about many important things: environment, economy, the middle east, education, energy . . . and that's just those that begin with the letter 'e' -- there's plenty more.
As the media industry transitions to a new business model and as we figure out what that business model will be, we will face a very tough period for our society. We will have a free-for-all media world that will be exploited by various self-interest groups, nefarious organizations, and criminal groups.
I'm optimistic that this coming Wild West world will be short-lived and its effects transitory but that's just a guess.
In the meantime, it would be great if we could speed things along, speed the disruption in the media industry but not throw the baby out with the bath water. We need to make sure that enough of the old media world transitions into the new, so that it can teach the new media world how to walk.
A common discussion I've been having at CES with other journalists, bloggers, and publishers of new media sites, is about how difficult it is to make a living. It's not just the traditional media companies that are struggling.
You need a huge amount of traffic to make a living as an online journalist, news site or blog site. I keep hearing from other online publishers a similar story: 'I can't do this for much longer.'
One publisher asked: "Why aren't large advertisers such as Microsoft, Cisco, Intel, supporting our work?"
I can sympaphize because I'm in the same boat. Intel, Tibco Software, Infineon, Edelman, were early sponsors of SVW and I'm very grateful for that support. But I haven't had any sponsorship in close to a year and I know many online news sites run by veteran journalists, unable to win any support from large companies.
But this is the precise time that companies such as Cisco, Intel, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Adobe, Dell, and others, should be stepping in and investing in the new media publications, choosing those that are run by experienced veteran journalists, ensuring that what emerges from the disruption of the media industry is quality media.
Otherwise it will take years to rebuild the integrity of the media sector because we will have lost our best people, they will close down their sites, they will get other jobs.
This is the best time for large companies to spread some sponsorship monies around and help birth the next media industry.
If they don't, they will have huge problems dealing with a future media sector that has to relearn, rediscover its best practices, its ethics, and its integrity.
Dell, for example, did a lot to help online news sites such as CNET, when they first began to publish in the 1990s by providing generous advertising deals.
Of course, I have an enormous self-interest in all of this because I want to continue to doing what I love to do, publishing SVW. But I'm having to branch out into consulting and other work, so that I can support my journalism. I'd rather spend my time working full-time on SVW.
I have a self- interest but I am not self-centered. There are many others in the same position as myself. There are many journalists trying to build great news sites, create unique content, and striving to maintain the best practices of their profession.
Now's the time for large businesses to step up and to support those ventures through sponsorships and other deals. Now's the time because those opportunities won't be there for long. Those nascent media ventures will be gone. The opportunities to promote the best media organizations will be lost.
Five years ago I pointed out that every company is now a media company. That means every company has to develop the skills and expertise of a media company. Without a vibrant independent media sector there will be few models, few professionals, to help companies with one of their most important business transformations.
The dirty little secret about all of this is that it's not just the media industry that is being disrupted, that's just the visible part of a much larger issue.
If every company is now a media company, then every company is now vulnerable to the disruptive forces affecting media companies.
We're all in it together but we don't all yet realize it.
With all the fuss around Google's Nexus One phone I was reminded of the words of @shitmydadsays:
"Son, no one gives a shit about all the things your cell phone does. You didn't invent it you just bought it. Anyone can do that."
Anyone can spec out a phone and have it manufactured. Google needs more than a phone, it needs the network it runs on. That's because Telcos have total control over what features and services they will allow. A phone is nothing without the network.
Google needs its own wireless Telco business because otherwise it risks being blocked from the mobile Internet -- the fastest growing ecommerce sector.
What good is a Google phone if you don't have any control over the applications and services that run across the network?
Google risks being cut out of mobile search services on mobile platforms, or being positioned a click or two away because of future business decisions made by a Telco. And on a mobile phone, if you are a click or two away, you might as well be in Siberia. Net neutrality laws won't protect you from such a scenario.
Telcos block innovation
The Nexus phone does nothing to challenge the power of the Telcos.
The Telcos have invested heavily in technologies such as VOIP and faster data networks and have brought down their costs of operations tremendously, yet the cost of mobile plans hasn't gone down, it continues to rise.
The Telcos have the government on their side, it is a regulated industry, and one that brings in huge amounts of money to state and federal government agencies — take a look at your monthly bill and see the dozen or more taxes and fees. This relationship between government agencies and the Telcos helps keep out competition and keep monthly fees high.
Yet wireless data communications lies at the heart of many innovative products and services being developed by Silicon Valley companies.
The Telcos are holding back innovation because they control who is allowed to offer applications and services.
- They regularly block innovative features within cell phones.
- And the high cost of their monthly plans has created a digital divide far greater than the one on the desktop.
It is important to bring real competition into the wireless space to bring down costs, to bridge the digital divide, and to ensure that Google and tens of thousands of other companies can offer their applications and services on an even playing field.
A Google phone won't do it.
If Google acquired a Telco it would own its own network and it would also own a billing relationship with millions of customers. It could then introduce new services knowing that it couldn't be blocked. It could also ensure that its partners and application developers would have open access. It would become a true platform.
If it doesn't do this it risks being blocked by a Telco that decides it is a competitor.
A phone is nothing without the network.
A massive dislocation in the crust of the media landscape caused by self-publishing media technologies will raise a media Tsunami that will wash away at the value of all media.
The media is dead, long live the media. We now have more media, in more formats, in more times of the day and night, from more people -- than at any other time in history. And we will get even more in 2010.
The many different forms of media will continue to flourish and splinter and to compete with each other in 2010, only at a far greater scale.
This is all made possible because of the availability of very powerful and inexpensive self-publishing tools and services:
- Blogging software helped make self-publishing easy. Movable Type was a breakthrough product in the early 2000s, the 'Pagemaker' of its day. But you had to know how to install it and configure it. These days, there are multitudes of hosted publishing platforms that make everything simple. Posterous, for example, allows you to blog by simply sending an email to your account.
- Twitter makes self-publishing even easier, using the simple text message format to send a short post.
- Facebook and other social networks are set up to make self-publishing tremendously simple. Facebook, for example, automatically creates a news feed based on what you did: Tom uploaded some photos, Tom is going to Jill's party... all without having to actually write anything.
- Same for video, music, podcasts...
The single most important technology of the past decade has been the development of self-publishing tools and services.
And very importantly: we have now traversed the cultural change that questioned whether we needed these tools, whether blogging or Twitter or Facebook or YouTube really mattered, or have a future. We've moved on.
We're now entering the full-blown creation and publishing phase. It's not just a relatively small group of early adopters that used and evangelized these tools and services, it has now moved mainstream. It is now involving millions, tens of millions, and soon hundreds of millions of people.
We have all the elements in place for a media Tsunami. A giant wave of media of all types will wash over us.
And it won't be all dross -- there will be a huge amount of great media, great blog posts, great Tweets, great videos, great discussions, great music.
What will this mean?
This Tsunami will wash away at the value of all media. By value I mean the monetary value.
-If you are trying to make a living as a media professional it's going to be even tougher this year. You will need something else to sell aswell.
- The advertising model will continue lose value simply because there is more competition for attention and it is tougher to aggregate large numbers of readers or viewers. This will affect established media brands and also new brands entering the market.
- All the ills affecting the media industry in TV, radio, newspapers, book publishing, etc, will continue, and will accelerate in 2010.
- PR and marketing will be even tougher in 2010. It will cost more for a company to rise above the noise. But few companies will realize that they need to spend more on PR and marketing because they think that you can use 'social media,' which is free. When in fact it's all media and it's not free because people's labor isn't free.
- It will become tougher to have good government, to make good decisions as a society, to vote for the right solutions because it will be difficult to communicate amidst all the noise and clamor for attention.
The media Tsunami will come in waves but it will eventually break. And much of the freely generated media will eventually come under commercial control.
The media brands that survive the Tsunami will do very well. From a highly fragmented media landscape will emerge some very large and very profitable media businesses -- unencumbered by the restrictions that currently govern media conglomerates.
However, we face a tough time, a disruptive period, a wild west of sorts. A very interesting time. Paradoxically, media is the worst business to be in right now but media is the best story around.
Welcome to 2010 and a decade that will be defined by its media and will redefine media -- time and again.
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In an effort to make a living as a media professional in 2010 I realize that I will need to expand into consulting services to support my 'habit.' You can contact me at 415 336 7547. Or Tom at Foremski.com.
The British call this decade (2000s) "The Noughties" from "nought" also known as zero in most English speaking countries.
John McCrea, from Plaxo, writes about his top ten events of this decade.
- The Dot Com Bubble Collapse.
- Broadband and Wi-Fi.
- Google IPO.
- Ereaders (Kindle, nook, and more to come).
- Apple, iPod, and iPhone.
- The Social Web.
You can read his reasons for each choice here: Silicon Valley: Top 10 of the 2000s « The Real McCrea
I agree with many of Mr McCrea's choices. I would say that the top one for me, would be the AOL/Time Warner merger.
I remember in the late 1990s chatting with my friend Carol Dukes, who was at the London School of Economics at the time, and later became one of the UK's top female entrepreneurs.
We were discussing the dotcom madness going on, and she said she could predict when the bubble would burst.
I was intrigued. She said she couldn't tell me the exact date but that it would happen when a 'new economy' dotcom company acquired a large traditional company. She made that prediction a couple of years before the AOL merger with Time Warner was announced.
And she was right. That merger marked the start of the dotbomb.
That merger never made any sense to me. Why would shareholders of AOL want to own a 'brick and mortar' company such as Time Warner with its slow growth strategy? Why would shareholders in Time Warner want a high risk fast growing business such as AOL?
Both sets of shareholders were completely different in their investment strategies and their risk tolerance. It made no sense and neither did the two different management styles and objectives.
The AOL/Time Warner merger was a ridiculous deal and the madness of the deal was the sign that the bubble had burst. What followed was several years of hard times for Silicon Valley. And it's taken years to recover from the dotbomb.
Now that AOL/Time Warner have broken up maybe this is a sign that a new era has emerged and that finally, we have repaired the deep, gouging effects of the dotbomb.
Maybe this next decade will be one of new growth rather than one long recovery from the excesses of the 1990s...
Ribbit, the SIlicon Valley based subsidiary of BT, the UK telecom giant, this morning launched its Ribbit Mobile service which offers a suite of products ranging from control over phone lines to transcription of voice mail--all managed from a web browser.
Users can make free phone calls over the Ribbit network; they can switch calls to other numbers in mid-call; they can create a "clone" of their phone through a web browser; they can have voicemail messages transcribed, and many other services.
The cost for the premium service is $30 per month. Although Ribbit calls this a "consumer" service it is really designed for the mobile business person, a "road warrior." There is a free, and a $10 a month version with certain limitations.
Ribbit is a platform...
Last week I met with Ribbit CEO Ted Griggs, Don Thorson CMO, and Crick Waters EVP Strategy and Business Development.
It might seem that Ribbit is a developer of telephony applications such as Ribbit Mobile but that's not the case. Ribbit enables applications like Ribbit Mobile.
It has built a technology platform that merges voice and data telecommunications networks over the Internet using a software switch approach. Developers use its APIs to create a wide diversity of telephony services and to integrate them into other applications.
"Ribbit Mobile is a complex service, but yes, a third-party developer could have created it," said Crick Waters, EVP Strategy and Business Development.
A Silicon Valley phone company...
Ribbit likes to call itself "Silicon Valley's first phone company." I have written about the company several times and recognized its potential to disrupt the larger Telco companies.
When it was acquired by BT last year, I was disappointed. I wrote:
Ted Griggs, CEO, said: "The BT acquisition enables us to scale our technology across a large telecoms network. And BT's international business connections become very beneficial in helping us to enter new markets -- it would have taken us much longer if we were to try and do this ourselves."
The acquisition of Ribbit was masterminded by BT's JP Rangaswami, managing director of innovation and strategy.
I met with Mr Rangaswami in July, during a visit to London, and I was impressed with his understanding of how Ribbit's technology could be used to move BT into new markets. I was also impressed by his strategy of moving BT into many types of innovative services, recognizing the business potential in becoming a platform for thousands of third-party developers rather than trying to own the applications.
Google Voice and other competitors...
While there are competing services to Ribbit Mobile such as Google Voice, there isn't any competition in terms of the combined telecoms platform that Ribbit and BT can provide.
This is something that Google will have to address, not just for Google Voice but also for other services. Google will have to partner or acquire a large telecoms platform otherwise it can be blocked in its future ambitions.
Showing developers the money
The key test for Ribbit will come from its ability to attract developers.
Don Thorson, CMO, has come up with an unique way to reward developers. "We will offer the applications for free and then split the revenues with developers based on how much usage they get per month per user."
This is a much better model than for iPhone or Android developers. Apple likes to point to the more than 85,000 iPhone apps but this is not a sustainable business model if just a tiny fraction of developers are making money. The winning platform will be the one on which developers can make money.
Plus, Ribbit developers get access to BT's billing systems and BT's existing relationship with millions of households and businesses.
Clone your phone...
There is another aspect to Ribbit that is very interesting, it allows you to "clone" your phone. A web based version of your phone is available from any computer device. If you were to lose your phone you would still be able to access it from any web browser.
This potentially provides an end-run around all the phone wars and takes BT beyond the phone and beyond the confines of its own network. Android or iPhone, it doesn't matter in Ribbit's world.
Ribbit becomes the point of the spear for BT's new business ambitions while at the same time allowing third-party developers to share in the action.
It's a potent business strategy and one that I don't see at any other telco. It'll be interesting to see how competitors will react. In the meantime, Ribbit and BT have a head start.
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Please see additional coverage:
Mary Coughlan, the Tanaiste, or Deputy Prime Minister of Ireland, is in Redwood City this evening announcing a deal between Ireland's innovative telecommunications company Cubic Telecom, and Qik, the popular cell phone based video blogging service.
Cubic Telecom is founded by Pat Phelan, one of Ireland's top entrepreneurs. Cubic Telecom provides the MAXRoam service, consisting of Travel SIMs that can be used with any cell phone and provide users with local call rates no matter what their location.
The deal with Qik will enable MAXroam enabled cell phones with cameras to stream live video from more than 160 countries without the high charges from roaming fees. Their slogan is "Go mobile, not broke."
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Here is a quick 3 minute interview with Pat Phelan when he was in town last September.http://blip.tv/file/1244716
I come across a lot of people that believe that the media is making the downturn worse because it reports on negative stories. I wish it were true because then the media could turn around this recession by writing positive stories--it would be a lot cheaper than any stimulus package.
I don't think there is any risk in making things worse by reporting a fascinating post on the Facebook ACTA Open group--an excellent source of global financial analysis. Here is a recent post on the massive collapse in Japanese industrial production.
Japan's industrial production fell almost 10% in December compared with November, worse than the METI (Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry) forecast. METI has re-done its forecasts for January to a 9% drop, and February down another 5%. That knocks almost 30% output since September, putting it back, at the level of the early 1980s. It took 25 years to reach levels that have been unwound in five months.
This is unprecedented destruction of Japanese industrial production--far worse than any comparison with the Great Depression.
The numbers coming out of Japan are no longer about degradation, but historically unprecedented destruction.
Here is the entire post:
I continue to be amazed at all the economic experts that come up with bailout packages of one kind or another. It seems clear to me that none of them, including our chief regulator, Alan Greenspan, have a good grasp of how the economy functions. Mr Greenspan's recent visit to Washington was astounding, he admitted that there was a serious flaw in his understanding of financial markets! For forty years he and his staff "regulated" the US economy based on faulty assumptions!
Since no one really knows how things work the best thing to do is to let the economy correct itself without too much interference.
That means we write down the inflated assets, and take the bitter pills, and let the economy unwind its huge leverage, and then we can clearly see where the economic stimulus packages can be applied. Trying to fix things based on assumptions can only make things worse, imho.
Here is an essay Thrift is the Future: Interventions will only Prolong the Credit Crisis by David Roche:
The current economic crisis has yet to make itself felt in all of its fury. One of the most sensible commentators is Nassim Nicholas Taleb, a former "quant" on Wall Street. I've been recomending his book "The Black Swan" for more than a year.
Here is a very recent interview with the author on Charlie Rose, note: it is not for the faint of heart!
One piece of silver lining is that Mr Taleb recommends a portfolio balance in safe cash/bonds and only 10 to 20 per cent in high risk investments because the "medium risk investments" have hidden risks. That could be good for venture funds. Somebody should start a Black Swan Fund.
Here is Mr Taleb's web site: http://www.fooledbyrandomness.com/
"My major hobby is teasing people who take themselves & the quality of their knowledge too seriously & those who don’t have the courage to sometimes say: I don’t know...." (You may not be able to change the world but can at least get some entertainment & make a living out of the epistemic arrogance of the human race).
Here is Mr Taleb getting angry about bankers and economists. "The crisis might not even have started yet..."
Great interview with Mr Taleb.
The reason we have such a huge choice of low cost computers and all sorts of gizmos and gadgets, smart phones, and electronic toys is because of the amazing advances in chip designs. Hundreds of small chip design firms are producing incredibly advanced semiconductors that power a slew of innovative devices.
But the reason we have so much innovation in the chip industry is because of a manufacturing revolution that began more than twenty years ago. In 1987, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) was founded as a new type of chip company--it was a semiconductor foundry--it made chips for other companies.
This completely transformed the chip industry and ushered in an innovation explosion. Chip designers didn't have to build their own chip factories, they could buy production time from chip foundries. Previously, chip startups had to raise hundreds of millions of dollars, primarily to pay for chip production--yet their value was in the designs.
Chip foundries led to a dramatic cut in the cost of establishing a chip company. Investment now went into chip design, not building a manufacturing line and learning how to run it.
This simple manufacturing revolution is responsible for all the innovation in electronics. And that's a model that could be effectively applied in the automotive world, and unleash a wave of innovation.
Manufacturing expertise . . .
I support a bailout of the automakers for one key reason: manufacturing expertise. If they shut down then we lose many decades of manufacturing knowledge and processes--it would be hugely expensive to recreate.
That manufacturing expertise can be used to build a Hummer, or it can be used to build hybrids, electric cars, and anything with wheels and an engine.
There is a tremendous amount of innovation in transportation that could be unlocked if you didn't have to have build your own factory to make the vehicles.
General Motors and the other car makers know how to re-tool lines to make all sorts of vehicles. They know what designs, and components work, and what doesn't; they have relationships with parts manufacturers, they have software design systems, test systems, air tunnels, algorithms...
They also know how to get through the red tape of qualifying vehicles for US roads. There is a massive amount of knowledge and expertise within the Big 3 that could be applied to producing the greenest of green vehicles.
My proposal is to use government monies to convert the Big 3 auto makers into car making foundries, in a similar fashion to chip-making foundries. That way, small startups with great ideas could quickly get their designs into production without requiring massive amounts of capital and learning how to build and operate a car factory.
Tesla Motors . . .
Take a look at Tesla Motors, one of the most innovative car companies of the past decade. The Tesla Roadster is an innovative all-electric sports car made with a carbon fiber body that has a range of 244 miles and does zero to sixty in less than 4 seconds. It received Time Magazine's 2nd best inventions of 2008.
But you have to very rich to buy one of these $109,000 cars primarily because building a manufacturing line is so expensive. It also means that Tesla had to raise massive amounts of capital to fund the manufacturing lines. This means the innovative Tesla technology will take years to trickle down to mainstream models--yet that's where it's lower carbon-footprint would have the most value.
Tesla ran into lots of delays because of manufacturing problems, and also problems with some of the components.
What if Tesla contracted with GM to make its cars? GM would know how to quickly tool up a production run, it probably would be able to help out with some of the drive-train problems Tesla had. GM would know what things work and how to avoid many problems that Tesla had to learn the hard way..
It is this kind of manufacturing expertise that could be leverage across a new industry. Small startups with great designs and technologies could quickly come to market without having to build their own production lines.
Car foundries could set off a huge wave of innovation at precisely the right time when we are searching for more responsible and sustainable forms of transport. And the US could grab a leadership position with such a plan.
Let's turn the Big 3 auto makers into foundries that can create a platform for a new type of innovative auto industry.
DK Matai, chairman of the ATCA Open has written a terrific essay about how global shipping has come to a halt because of the lack of letters of credit.
Just five months ago it cost about $234,000 to rent a 170,000 tonne Capesize bulk carrier. That priced has collapsed 98 per cent to less than $5,000!
That means that globalization has come to a screeching halt. Read more:
The Global Shipping Halt: Is The Great Unwind Disrupting The Freight Market?
By DK Matai
Freight shipping prices for transporting dry raw materials have collapsed in November 2008. The Great Unwind is like a Tsunami that is engulfing and halting the shipping world at an accelerating rate. The Baltic Dry Index sounds like a weather report, but what it really does is track the price of shipping bulk cargo -- such as coal, iron ore, cotton and grain. Recently, the Baltic Dry Index has fallen through the floor. It has slumped by nearly 95% over the past five months. In real dollar terms, at the peak of the market in June, a 170,000-tonne Capesize bulk carrier cost USD 233,988 to rent. Recently, it was available for USD 4,793 - that is a crash of 98% and is below the cost of paying for crew, insurance, maintenance and lubricants. Why?
1. Of the USD 13.6 trillion of goods and materials traded worldwide per annum, 90% rely on letters of credit or related forms of financing and guarantees such as trade credit insurance. International shipping works on "letters of credit." These financial guarantees are issued to buyers of bulk cargo by their banks. This system has greased the wheels of global trade for the last 400 years by transferring payments internationally from buyer to seller once shipments have been delivered. With the collapse of the credit market - and banks now sitting on their hands, refusing to lend - the fast-moving wheels of global shipping have come close to halt.
2. There is a collapsing demand for credit driven expensive product purchases like cars and as a consequence, the transport of associated raw materials and sub-assemblies. Auto sales are falling in double digit percentages across most of the G7, ie, the US, Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy and Canada. The pace of car sales growth is slowing down across most of the remaining G20 nations as well, including China and India.
This is a massive disruption in the freight market with asymmetric consequences for world trade, which poses systemic risk for many nation states. Liquidity has to return because if there is insufficient money to provide standard finance, world trade is being sharply cut back and economic growth is not only stalling but likely to implode. If cargo trade stops, a whole lot of supply chain disruptions start. For example, if the iron ore does not go to the refinery, there is no plate steel. If the plate steel does not get shipped, there is nothing to fabricate into components. If there are no components, there is nothing to assemble in the factory. If the factory closes the assembly line, there are no finished goods. If there are no finished goods, there is nothing to restock the shelves of the shops. If there is nothing in the shops, the consumers cannot buy. If the consumers cannot buy, there can be no sales!
On a more sobering note, if bulk shippers cannot buy cargoes, then a lot of US and world grain could end up rotting in warehouses while big portions of the world go hungry. For example, the Saudis are the biggest importers of food in the Middle East. They probably have the money to pay cash for their food shipments and may not therefore need letters of credit. But for the approximately 2.7 billion people in the world who spend 80% of their income on food, a disruption in the global shipping trade could mean the difference between quiet poverty and going hungry day-in, day-out. That will not last for long before there is social disorder on a massive scale.
The Baltic Exchange based in London is the world's leading maritime marketplace. Their dry index, a measure of shipping costs across different ship sizes, hit a record high of 11,793 points in May but has since fallen by 93% to 815 points last week. The UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has said that the financial crisis had begun to affect international trade, noting sharp falls to key shipping indices. Much lower shipping costs mean national markets are more contestable by foreigners, which should limit the ability of domestic firms to raise prices and therefore this should reduce the possibility of inflation. We can safely conclude that the majority of The Great Unwind's forces moving through the markets now seem to be deflationary, and not inflationary.
The ravaged worldwide demand for cargo ships is due to the chronic global financial crisis affecting credit availability, an unprecedented synchronised economic downturn across most of the major national economies in the world caused by massive demand destruction, and the resultant collapse in commodity prices. At the same time, container rates in the Asia-Europe routes have plummeted by around 75% this year and a price war between companies seems to be driving rates lower and lower, destroying the profitability of container shipping and placing huge stresses on companies struggling to meet their commitments. A significant component of the dramatic decline in shipping indices has been due to the difficulty in arranging trade finance during the credit crunch. Demand has been slashed because the global credit squeeze has made it very difficult for buyers to attract funding. At the same time, perceived counter-party risk in the physical markets has slowed trading to a trickle, exacerbating the freight slide. Many big players involved in the shipping of dry commodities and goods cargo are unwilling to trade with some parties fearful of their financial footing. There are big chains of owners of the chartered ships in the supply chain, so if someone goes bankrupt half way through the chain, it has a knock-on domino effect for everybody else. Another problem is that there are quite a significant number of players walking away from cargoes at present. So anyone who has taken cargoes to hedge the vessels they have chartered is now finding themselves with the ship without the cargo to carry.
ArcelorMittal, the world's biggest steelmaker, on November 5th said its global output will decline by more than 30 percent. Cia Vale do Rio Doce, the world's biggest iron-ore producer, said last month that it will cut production.The fall in demand for many raw materials, which began at the beginning of June, first squeezed the profit margins of producers since they faced fixed high raw material costs and falling prices for their finished products. This was followed shortly by a squeeze of freight costs as they tried to pass the pressure from the profit margins to the freight market. One could be forgiven for not noticing what the world has experienced in recent years by way of an unprecedented growth in shipping and shipbuilding, fuelled by cheap imports from Asia and the seemingly unstoppable rise of economies such as China and India with their insatiable demand for raw materials. For some time charter rates went through the roof and reached a zenith in May/June this year and demand for new ships out-stripped supply. A different picture is now emerging. Companies are starting to struggle with too many ships chasing ever decreasing rates.
This slump not only means a fall in revenues but also less revenues to service debts. In turn, the current 'credit crunch' means extreme difficulties for struggling shipping companies seeking to raise capital. UNCTAD revealed in its annual maritime transport review that the world's merchant fleet had expanded to a record 1.12 billion deadweight tons, with the order book for new vessels reaching a peak of 10,053 ships in 2008. However, from mid-2008, companies were cancelling new ships on order, even when they were losing their 10% deposit in tens of millions of dollars. Mitsui OSK Lines (MOL), Japan's largest bulk shipping company is said to be considering laying-up and even scrapping vessels as revenues collapse. MOL may mothball some of its largest vessels. The company is considering scrapping seven of its Capesize dry bulk ships from its fleet of a 100 vessels. This suggests that MOL may be getting ready for a protracted down turn lasting several years. Reports are already filtering through of companies seeking sheltered waters to lay up their giant vessels to weather the financial storm. Just as in the days following the oil crisis in 1973, we could see the same happening with the great lumbering bulkers and container vessels, which now seem less and less attractive as they ply the waters with their great bellies less than full. In the space of less than half a year we have seen the shipping world ride the crest of a massive globalisation expansionary wave and then plunge into a financial storm that could sweep most vessels off our oceans, and with them, companies who cannot weather the crisis caused by The Great Unwind.
We welcome your thoughts, observations and views. To reflect further on this, please respond within Facebook's ATCA Open discussion board.
Chairman, ATCA Open
LaLa has launched a unique online music service that has the potential to be a one-stop music web application for most people. It cleverly blends people's personal collection of MP3 songs with a choice of more than 6 million songs available for streaming--and accessible from any Internet connected device.
Users let LaLa scan their PCs for the MP3 files they already have and the music service matches them automatically with its online catalog. If it's not in the catalog, its Music Mover application automatically uploads the songs to make them available online.
In addition, users have access to 6 million songs in the LaLa catalog that they can listen to for free--once. For 10 cents per song users can buy lifetime access to a streamed version of that song. If they then want to own that song on their local hard drive, they can buy it for 79 cents.
What makes LaLa even more compelling is that it recommends music that you don't have, and enables discovery of music that you might like. Plus you can subscribe to other people's playlists, create your own playlists, and also gift music to others. If they don't like the track, they can keep the credit.
Bill Nguyen, founder of LaLa, gave me a demonstration of the service earlier today. "This service goes beyond owning CDs, it goes beyond owning music files, for ten cents a song you get lifetime access to that song over any Internet connection. Our research shows that people listen to 30 per cent of their own music and the rest is music that they don't yet own. Search and discoverability of music is a key part of this service."
LaLa does not believe that a subscription based monthly music service, or an advertising supported music service, can be successful.
"If you are a subscriber there is no incentive to encourage you to listen to more music because you become less profitable to the service, it costs them money for every song you listen to," says Mr Nguyen. And with advertising based models, music services have to place adverts between the user and the music they want to listen to to pay for the service, which harms the user experience.
Foremski's Take: LaLa has come a long way from its start in early 2006 as a CD swapping service using snail mail. This latest incarnation of LaLa leapfrogs the many varieties of online music services available with a great user interface, and a business model that integrates licensing agreements with four major labels and 175,000 independent labels.
Behind the scenes is LaLa's data center which is designed to be scalable and to use any cloud computing platform available. "We built a data center to get things started but our system can run on Amazon or any other platform," says Mr Nguyen.
The key to LaLa potential success is that it has incorporated a commerce platform into the music service that can then cross-sell new music based on a user's existing library as a guide.
I love the idea of scanning my drive and having access to my music from any internet connected device without needing to upload gigabytes of music. I also like the discoverability within the system in that I can find new music easily and get one free play of any music in the LaLa catalog.
Even though 10 cents per song isn't expensive, I like the Yahoo Music monthly "all you can eat" service for one low payment--but I'm sure I can get used to this risk-free method of discovering new music.
Here is my "Forecast" from LaLa which you can listen to for free:
Here is an edited highlights version:
From left to right:
Roger Meike, Sun Microsystems
Harold Yu, Orrick
David SMith, Tynax
Deborah Magid, IBM
Roy Levin, Microsoft
Dr. Ike Nassi, SAP
Towards the end I ask a question about the term innovation and if it has been over-used. Dr. Nassi agrees, and says it has lost all meaning.
Harvard Business Review published a feature article by Anita Elberse: Should You Invest in the Long Tail?.
She concludes that there really isn't much profit to be found in the "Long Tail." This is very very bad news for the many Silicon valley startups that have business plans heavily dependent on "Long Tail" economics.
Anita Elberse writes:
For Chris Anderson, the strategic implications of the digital environment seem clear. “The companies that will prosper,” he declares, “will be those that switch out of lowest-common-denominator mode and figure out how to address niches.” But my research indicates otherwise. Although no one disputes the lengthening of the tail (clearly, more obscure products are being made available for purchase every day), the tail is likely to be extremely flat and populated by titles that are mostly a diversion for consumers whose appetite for true blockbusters continues to grow. It is therefore highly disputable that much money can be made in the tail.
The companies that will prosper are the ones most capable of capitalizing on individual best sellers.
This is why book publishers compete fiercely in bidding wars to secure blockbuster titles. She describes the fierce competition for a specific book:
Hyperion was determined to get it; New York magazine quoted an industry insider as saying that “jaws hit the floor over how much they paid.” Everyone recognized it as a high-stakes gamble in a high-risk genre. But ultimately it paid off big.
What was the title of the book? The Long Tail by Chris Anderson. It seems that there are plenty of profits in the Long Tail, at least for Chris Anderson and his publisher!
Backachya . . .
Chris Anderson hit back after a "quick read" and basically concluded that nothing had changed and that it all depended on where you say the "head" is and where the "tail" is located. Debating the Long Tail - Harvard Business Online's Conversation Starter
My point is not to suggest that Elberse is wrong and that I'm right, it's only to point out that different definitions of what the Long Tail is, from "head" to "tail", will generate wildly different results.
Foremski's Take: Well, if you get widely different results depending on where you slice the head and tail then there really is no "Long Tail." You can prove or disprove the concept as much as you wish.
As a business you want to be in the "head" because that's where the profits are the fattest. You don't want to be in the "tail" you'll get there anyway.
If you are a startup start well in the "head" is my advice. Don't try to build a "Long Tail" business or you'll get your head handed back to you.
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You need video services! Creation, Distribution, Attention. Contact Aron Pruiett at SF Media Collective- 415 533 4487 - Here is a demo reel.
Silicon Valley Watcher Consulting services - call Tom at 415 336 7547
Ribbit is on my SVW 2008Watch list. It is a very impressive company with a spot-on business strategy and technology for leading the telephony sector in enterprise, and in consumer sectors.
At the Demo conference in Palm Desert, CA, Ribbit unveiled Amphibian, a consumer application based on its technology that demonstrates the versatility of its telephony platform. Amphibian provides a mobile phone user with unprecedented control over their incoming and outgoing calls.
Through a web browser, it provides users with services such as visual voicemail, you see a picture of the person, plus you can choose to view a transcript of the voicemail. The transcript can be emailed to you along with the MP3 sound file. Or it can be viewed through SMS.
When a call comes in, Ribbit goes out to the Internet and brings back information about the person calling, such as blog posts, videos, photos.
If you don't answer your mobile phone, the caller is routed to Ribbit which will record a voicemail or route it to another phone, or allow the user to take the call from the web browser on a "virtual phone."
You can also call out through the Ribbit virtual phone and it will carry your mobile phone caller ID, which is very useful since many people won't pick up ID-blocked calls or numbers that are unfamiliar.
There is more info and screenshots here:
Amphibian as an application is impressive. But what is even more impressive is that this is just one example of what can be achieved with Ribbit's telephony platform. By opening up the platform Ribbit is able to quickly spawn a huge number of applications.
There are already more than 2,500 developers integrating telephony features into thousands of other products by using Ribbit's API. This is going to create an explosion of innovative telephony applications.
Ted Griggs, CEO of Ribbit, said,"If you were going build a telephone company today, you wouldn't build it the way telephone companies are today."
By using software and Internet based communications technologies, Ribbit has built a totally new type of telephone company with a flexibility to offer services and applications that weren't possible before.
For example, the iPhone offers visual voicemail, but that service required AT&T to make a large investment in its infrastructure, and commit to a lengthy development time. Using Ribbit technology, a small company can build an application that offers a similar, but better feature, in days. Time to market for telephony applications has been dramatically shattered.
Ribbit has leapfrogged the established telephone companies, which are holding billions of dollars in much older and less versatile, legacy telecoms infrastructure.
E-commerce is built in...
And most importantly, it has created an e-commerce infrastructure that allows developers to charge users. Developers only need to focus on their apps, and not on trying to figure out how to monetize their work.
That same e-commerce infrastructure could potentially be used to monetize other services or products offered through Ribbit based apps, a type of Ribbit PayPal. The e-commerce platform might turn out to be the most valuable part of the company.
It will be interesting to see the types of applications Ribbit enables, and if it can scale its services. Amphibian is a consumer application and consumers are much more forgiving than business users of Ribbit based applications.
Wireless companies don't want to be forced to advertise the full cost of monthly plans, which include hefty taxes and fees to state and federal agencies. The Supreme court declined the case. (Hat tip Jeff Nolan.)
The case at hand, which pitted Sprint Nextel and T-Mobile USA against state utility regulators, centers on whether states should be allowed to forbid wireless carriers from breaking out various state and local taxes as line-item fees on a customer's bill.
...The wireless companies, naturally, maintain they should be able to establish a visible separation between the base prices of their services and the fees required by various regulators. States and localities have increasingly been passing laws prohibiting those line items expressly in order to "hide" arguably unpopular taxes and fees from consumers, Sprint Nextel and T-Mobile said in their brief to the high court.
I have no sympathy for either side. Cell phone rates are way to high. Let's have truth in advertising and show the full cost of monthly service.
The state and federal agencies are in cahoots with each other anyway, to make sure that no technologies get around their stranglehold on wireless communications. Regulation means you have the government on your side and competition is pushed well to the outside because of onerous requirements.
This cosy relationship between the two sides in this case, enables a wireless digital divide that is bad for innovation and bad for Silicon Valley. Europeans say the US is way behind in mobile comms, and they are right, and this is why.
The wireless companies have shown themselves to be anti-technology. They dumb down the cell phones, they restrict access to the latest communications technologies that could swiftly decrease our cost of providing wireless communications.
And with the regulators on their side, the wireless companies can keep a firm hold on a gatekeeper role that does not offer a level playing field for competition.
The wireless carriers have become the center for a thousand spokes of innovative online services, many of them from large and small SIlicon Valley companies. This is an incredibly powerful position because the wireless carriers have no obligation to carry competitive services over their networks, in what is sometimes called "net neutrality."
Let's see the true price that these modern day Luddites are charging us and let's recognize the true cost to society and to this country's business innovation.
I just had lunch with Peter Adams, president of MatchPoint.com, which is one of many online businesses hoping to break into multi-billion dollar local business markets, territory that has long been dominated by Yellow Pages.
Later this month, MatchPoint will unveil details of its services for local businesses. Although I can't talk about the details of its new service I can talk about its strategy and its bid to provide a better match for consumers and local companies.
Peter Adams is a veteran of LookSmart, the Australian search company. It's good experience for his role at MatchPoint, which is to find a way to connect consumers with products and services, and have local companies compete and bid for that business.
As it seeks local consumers for its services, MatchPoint is offering local online publishers a revenue sharing deal, which potentially would generate more money than partnering with Google's AdSense network.
Key to its strategy is convincing users to part with some information. "Consumers fill out a very short questionnaire about what they want and we pass that onto businesses in their zip code. Those businesses then bid on those leads and they get a phone number, created on the fly, that they can call prospective customers. With local businesses, nearly 100 per cent of their business is done through the phone, not online," said Mr Adams.
On the Matchpoint site there are service categories such as student loans, Lasik eye surgery, interior decorators, career counseling, printing services, and removing a tattoo. "Users trust us to keep their information private, any communications between them and the service provider goes through us."
At the end of this month MatchPoint is launching a national campaign to roll out its services to millions of local businesses using technology from GetVendors.com, which it acquired last year.
Internet users hate filling out anything online and have come to expect search engines to guess what they want. Priming the pump with sufficient numbers of users filling out questionnaires will be a challenge for MatchPoint but it is not an insurmountable challenge if users start quickly seeing results.
The questionnaires are very short, three or so questions, and once filled out it should result in better conversions for advertisers and a better experience for consumers. Matchpoint will need to do some follow up to be able to refine its questions for each category and check with consumers about their level of satisfaction.
If MatchPoint is successful with its approach, it would be a welcome boon to many media and other online publishers that currently eek out a miserly living running Google AdSense ads. MatchPoint is offering a partnership to publishers in which they host a MatchPoint widget and share in the commission it earns from businesses. With the potential for a much improved conversion rate than through Google AdSense, revenues for publishing partners would be higher, plus they would be providing a valuable service to their readers and their local business community.
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BrightIdea.com is one of the companies on my 2008 watch list. The company offers enterprises a process in which they can encourage and manage innovation. Last month I sat down with Matthew Greeley, CEO and founder, at my favorite business meeting place, the "Lucky Penny" diner in San Francisco (24hr breakfasts!).
Managing innovation is easier said than done and large organizations are notoriously bad at being able to generate and monetize great ideas. Xerox Palo Alto Research Center is the poster child for such things, yet all organizations have similar difficulties.
Innovation seems to happen in haphazard ways, if at all. Yet virtually all large organizations love to trumpet how innovative they are, as if by using the term innovation often enough they can make innovation happen. That's one reason why the term innovation is way over used these days.
[Innovation inflation is why Silicon Valley Watcher changed its description from "reporting on the the business of innovation" to "reporting on the business of disruption."]
BrightIdea.com provides a process and tools that help real innovation occur. And the company has had a great 2007, winning large clients such as Cisco Systems and it is on a roll to win more in 2008.
Mr Greeley says that Cisco is using BrightIdea to harvest innovative ideas that it will then fund and develop into businesses:
...the Cisco I-Prize, a competition open to entrepreneurs and innovators around the world. The Cisco I-Prize aims to bring together global teams to develop technology business ideas using Cisco's collaboration technologies and to run those ideas through Cisco's process for identifying emerging technologies to take to market. The winning team may have the opportunity to join Cisco as founders of a new emerging technology business unit. Depending on the value of the idea, Cisco may also invest up to $10 million over three years to fund the new business unit.
Other software companies such as Salesforce have begun to recognize the need for a similar service. But BrightIdea has been at it since 1999 and its software is being used by 250 companies, including Hallmark, Bristol Myers Squibb, Bosch, Emerson, ING Financial and the U.S. Department of Defense.
BrightIdea has processes already in place that do the following:
Idea Collection; Team Evaluation; Collaborative Development; Campaign Management; User Profiles; Promotions, Rewards & Recognition; WorkflowAutomation; Real-Time Alerts; Process Monitoring; Key Metrics & Analytics Dashboard; Employee Directory Integration; Microsoft Word & Excel Integration.
It has a wealth of features that aren't found in any other software, and it is scalable to encompass large numbers of users.
I'd love to use BrightIdea's software as a type of brain trust for Silicon Valley. We all have way too many bright ideas to try and monetize them all, why not throw them into a central pool and get a 1 per cent gross revenue return on any that others figure out how to monetize?
Keep an eye on BrightIdea for 2008....
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Comcast's blocking of large file transfers is just the tip of the iceberg. And it is only a matter of time before other cable and telco companies will follow suit.
This is the start of a battle for bandwidth that has been caused by enormous amounts of digital media hitting the Internet and the private networks of the cable and telco companies. It is a battle that nearly all Silicon Valley companies are unprepared for and won't be able to win.
Comcast and the others can legitimately limit third party services because they have a contract with their customers to deliver a slew of digital services from digital phone calls, digital music, and high definition TV. They don't have a contract to deliver the digital services of others.
How long before they kill the video stars? For example, YouTube relies on file uploads up to 100 MB in size, other video hosting platforms take larger files.
How long before they kill most of the Web 2.0 companies? They all seek to share files and information between groups, including video and audio. FaceBook, for example, lets users upload 300 MB video files.
What about new services such as Fabrik's Ultimate Backup Service, which offers unlimited backups for $5 a month. Will Fabrik and others be able to build such businesses?
Why should they provide quality access to digital services (YouTube, BitTorrent, etc) if they don't have a contractual obligation? Access to those services comes second or third to their own services and those of partners.
The cable and telco companies are the most powerful Luddite organizations in the US. They hold a duopoly control over the lines that connect consumers with digital services.
The cable and telco companies are slow in bringing in new technologies, and their wireless operations turn off many technologies, such as wi-fi in cell phones. They have slowed technological progress in the US in so many ways. For example, We have some of the lowest adoption rates and the slowest broadband in the world. We have a huge digital divide.
They will protect themselves from technologies that would disrupt them in the same way early 19th century English Luddites broke industrial machines to save their livelihoods.
The English dealt with their anti-technologists in this way: "Machine breaking" (industrial sabotage) was made a capital crime." (Wikipedia.)
No such luck here. These Luddites have the government on their side, they have among the strongest lobbying groups in Washington, built up over a period of more than 100 years.
The cable and telco companies are anti-competitive and their actions will make sure that the US becomes uncompetitive.
Josh Hallett has joined Voce Communications, which is quite a coup for this Palo Alto PR firm. Voce is one of my favorite Silicon Valley PR firms because they really understand new media/social media and are building a great team of leaders in this area.
Josh has been working with many large newspapers, creating the infrastructure for their blogs and online forums. He is what I like to call a media architect, a software engineer that knows how to implement the media technologies that make up Internet 2.0.
Voce's Mike Manuel writes:
. . . “conversation” and “community” are words that easily roll off the tongues of marketers these days, but too often it’s without knowledge or regard for the technology that’s required to carry these things from conference room concepts to real-world experiences.
This is where Josh excels. The guy’s a master translator between marketers and web developers, between ideas and experiences, and ultimately, between companies and customers.
Josh is the newest addition to our growing team of social media strategists here at Voce. Earlier this spring Andrea Weckerle, a DC-area blogger and author of New Millennium PR, joined our gang, as did Scott Sigler, author, podcaster and social media provocateur. And yeah, yours truly continues to act as this team’s lead wonk.
From Voce Nation - Now With More Cowbell
Earlier this year I published a video of Josh talking about his experiences building media systems for companies such as New York Times. There is tons of great advice and stories here:
Technorati Tags: voce
I wasn't sure if I'd be able to make the Outcast PR After Hours party Thursday night because I had four back to back meetings and events. But I managed to catch part of it.
I've worked with Outcast for many years so it was good to see familiar faces. And it was also interesting to hear some feedback on my latest posts about the changing economic models for PR, such as my Wiley E Coyote post.
It was quite clear that I had hit a nerve with many of my PR contacts and hopefully they will have the courage to take our discussion online so we can share it with others. Some took my post very personally, as if I were attacking them by name, which I wasn't. I was pointing out clear economic trends, that's all. That's my training as a financial journalist, to follow the flow of money within industry sectors.
The world has changed for both the media and PR industries, except the media sector is a further along in experiencing the painful disruption of those changes. The PR sector will eventually go through similar painful changes. This is not a welcome message when the PR industry is booming, and hiring like crazy.
PR industry parade
The PR industry is happy because revenues continue to climb 9, 10 per cent and more annually. New media technologies offer PR firms new business opportunities, they aren't viewed as a threat. PR firms charge clients for additional services. New media/social media is a very good add-on business in the PR world.
But when clients realize they can meet their PR goals using new media approaches for far lower costs, then why pay for both? They won't. There many that already don't.
This is a trend that will be played out in different ways by different companies but its overall effect will be the same.
Technorati Tags: disruptive technologies
Thoughts on Strumpette Amanda Chapel resignation...
I've long warned the PR industry that it is on borrowed time. The media industry is undergoing traumatic changes yet PR is thriving. Media and PR industry fortunes have always followed each other in lock step.
PR today reminds me of the Roadrunner cartoons. The times when Wily E. Coyote is chasing the Road Runner and notices he is running on thin air, at which point he plummets thousands of feet to a distant canyon floor. That's how I envisage the PR industry today--about to plummet from a great height.
Strumpette and Amanda Chapel tried to stir up changes in the PR industry and encourage a new form of PR, by openly discussing ethical issues, and all the unpleasant aspects of knowing how the sausage is made.
But nothing changed despite all the transparency around the process of public relations.
Is this a failure of transparency? Yes. Because nothing changes unless you have to change. And you only have to change when you have to change because things have become fiscally painful. The PR industry is awash with money unlike the media industry, so it doesn't change.
Traditional media is changing rapidly because it can't make money the way it used to make money. That business model is being hacked to pieces.
Advertising is moving rapidly online, and it is moving towards search engine advertising, not journalism.
Selling products and services next to a column of journalism is not as effective as selling next to a search engine query--which magically reveals what you are looking for. This is way more useful to advertisers than revealing what you read.
In the PR world, unlike the media world, the companies are hiring like crazy and still doing business the old fashioned way: press releases, white papers, case studies, media (dwindling) relations, etc, ....
Yes, every PR firm offers "social media" or "new media" services but how many of them practice what they preach in terms of using such technologies to drum up business for themselves? Shockingly few.
It is clear that this old model of PR is going to end. In fact, it has already ended but most PR firms don't know it, just like Wily E Coyote's sudden lack of solid ground...
I keep running across Silicon Valley companies that have spent no money on PR or marketing. Zero dollars.
Slide.com, for example, has managed to attract millions of users for its online apps on Faceback and MySpace for no dollars.
There are many smaller startups who have done the same: zero dollars spent on PR and marketing. They have gotten incredible results from the viral nature of their products, services, and their personal abilities to establish though leadership through blogging and other online engagements.
What happens when venture capitalists start demanding that same type of business strategy from their startups?
Consider this: The whole outsourcing trend to India, Phillipines, etc, was significantly boosted by the VCs and their demands that their startups take advantage of the economic benefits from an outsourcing strategy. As a startup, if you can't show you have a viable outsourcing strategy in your business plan, you won't get funding.
Next: Startups will have to show VCs that they have a viable viral marketing and distribution strategy. That means cutting out about $120k to $200K of annual expenditures for basic traditional PR services for a startup.
And larger companies will be tapping into this same trend. They will be cutting back on traditional PR services and investing in their own viral marketing methods. I already see this about to happen at big companies such as Intel (an SVW sponsor), Hewlett-Packard, Cisco Systems, IBM, and this trend will grow.
Dell, for example, recently hired Andy Lark, one of the top new media strategists in SIlicon Valley, imho. What do you think Dell intends to do with that hire? It won't be marketing-and-PR-as-usual, that's for sure.
No Pain, No Change
Change in the PR industry will happen because the old ways won't be as good, or as cost effective as using new media technologies to publish and engage customers. Traditional PR doesn't provide the same bang for the buck.
It is when the PR industry feels the same pain that mainstream media is feeling right now, a kick in the pants to its core revenues, is when change will happen. But without pain, no change.
Nassim Nicholas Taleb's "The Black Swan" is an incredible book. I give it my highest recommendation, I now have a new hero.
The Black Swan shows how our society, how our experts, consistently fail to consider the effect of events that are unpredictable but totally game changing. The point is to know where we are exposed, not to sweep things under the carpet using the misapplication of mathematics and statistics based on past events.
A Black Swan is an event that is many magnitudes outside of the expected. We can become less of a "sucker" to these types of events, and also open ourselves to the huge benefits of a Black Swan-type event.
In many ways, Silicon Valley's thousands of startups are trying to ride the Black Swan - leave themselves open to the faint possibility of success, which could come from unexpected quarters. Either way, the odds of a startup succeeding are tiny, and rely on many variables lining up precisely. Many of those variables are completely unpredictable.
How many times have Silicon Valley companies acted as "Black Swans" for many established companies and sectors? Thousands of times.
How many times has "The Next Big Thing" in Silicon Valley come from totally unexpected quarters? Every time. That's a Black Swan and we have a great breeding ground for them here.
This is an important book:
Technorati Tags: black swan
(From my ZDNet blog: http://blogs.zdnet.com/Foremski/?p=186)
Silicon Valley is teeming with established companies and startups whose services and products require communications services.
Some of the startups are called Web 2.0 companies, or social networking companies, social media companies etc. It doesn't really matter what they are called, they all require a communications component to unlock the value they create.
This is also true for Silicon Valley's largest companies such as Google and Cisco, they are all increasingly reliant on being able to quickly get to their end user.
Whether it is a text message, or email, or sharing a video clip, or a myriad other many-media forms of communications--they all have to go through one of the big telecommunications or cable companies.
Last mile = Gold Mile
This Telco/Cable cartel sits smack-dab in the middle of Silicon Valley's innovation efforts. The Telco/Cable cartel control the communications gateways, they control the wireless services, and they are the most backward element in our society in terms of resisting technological progress in the US.
And control of these gateways means that it costs end users about $50 plus taxes, or about $60 per month minimum to be able to receive wireless or wired data comms. This is too much money per node and it limits the reach of Silicon Valley's companies, which effectively places a limit on innovation.
For example, Intel (a sponsor of SVW) has managed to push down the price of computing devices to levels that make them affordable to larger numbers of people than ever before. It has done this with the help of Moore's Law, by being able to reduce the number of computer components to smaller numbers of chips.
And with growing support for the Linux open source operating system, computing devices will become even cheaper.
But without cheaper data communications linking the computer devices, the development of innovative services will slow to a crawl. And the digital divide that separates the rich populations from the poor, in this country and across the globe, will shift at a snail's pace.
This is why Silicon Valley has to, and will, break the back of the Telco/Cable cartel so that communications services become cheaper and more accessible to everyone, and so that innovative companies can continue to compete based on the level playing field of net neutrality.
So how will this happen? The clues are all around us...
- - -
Please also see:
CIO Today: New Rules Could Change Wireless Forever
Financial Post: Google: You ain't seen nothin' yet
By Tom Foremski
The Telcos have become the biggest obstacle to the development of new technologies and services. They have become the most backward elements in our society when it comes to rolling out new technologies, applications, and services.
They have filed lawsuits to stop public wireless networks, and they constantly seek to control anything that could threaten their markets. They maintain the digital divide by keeping Internet access prices far higher than they should be.
They control the cell phone and all of its features, disabling built-in functions when it suits them. And they control the services can be offered over their networks.
They don't compete against each other, their pricing is almost identical, almost cartel-like. The only competitive activity they engage in is in advertising campaigns.
Lower telco costs only for the Telcos...
I've long wondered why does my cell phone bill continue to increase year after year--yet the number of hours I have to talk hasn't increased, the same black-spots are still there, and the overall service hasn't improved one iota.
As a veteran journalist covering the business of technology, I know too well that the Telcos have been aggressively adopting powerful communications technologies, such as VOIP, that have lowered their key operating costs significantly. So how is it that our Telco bills continue to increase year after year?
It seems as if that cell phone in your pocket, nestled against your wallet or purse, is somehow sucking ever more money out and sending it to the Telcos--with little to show in terms of new services or added value.
(M)iPhone or AT&T's phone?
Like everyone else around here I've been fascinated by the coming of Apple's iPhone. But while many focused on keyboard issues, or battery life, my question has been: How will AT&T disable or enable the iPhone's Wi-Fi capabilities?
Other Telcos are very sensitive to the issue of Wi-Fi and disable it on phones, or demand $20 per month or more to enable the function. Because easy Wi-Fi opens the door to cheaper calls and cheaper everything else...
Reading the early reviews, it seems that AT&T hasn't done anything to prevent the iPhone from accessing Wi-Fi in public hotspots, or at home. And AT&T doesn't seem to have much control over what applications can be run on the iPhone.
This great news because it means we will see a tremendous amount of innovation, and disruption.
The innovation will come from Silicon Valley and beyond, as startups and others develop applications and services delivered over the wireless Internet directly into people's pockets. The barriers erected by the Telcos will be gradually removed as Wi-Fi hotspots become more common and eventually ubiquitous.
The disruption will hit the Telcos as they lose their control over the gateways to the Internet. Their pain will be compounded by the expensive licenses paid for wireless spectrum while Wi-Fi uses free unlicensed spectrum.
The disruption for the Telcos will accelerate as Wi-Fi networks are built out, and as roaming technologies for Wi-Fi, such as those from Packet Design and elsewhere come into play.
(BTW, Apple TV is Apple's flanking attack on the cable TV cartel...same arguments as above, similar strategy.)
Silicon Valley's Babe Ruth
Steve Jobs has hit another one out of the ball park. For Apple, its a win-win, and win again strategy. It represents brilliant positioning.
If you look at the the TV commercials for the iPhone you might even wonder if it Apple needs AT&T. There is nothing shown in those commercials that requires a cell phone connection.
The TV commercials demonstrate the iPhone displaying family photos, allowing users to view a movie, search for a restaurant, view a Google-like map location. The AT&T logo appears for less than a second at the end of the ad.
And about a second of tech time is all that Apple requires from AT&T. Apple could have released the iPhone as a Wi-Fi phone but then its features would only work in Wi-Fi hotspots, which are patchy and unevenly distributed.
By linking up with AT&T Apple can offer the full integrated set of iPhone features in any urban location. As Wi-Fi is built out, as WiMax comes in, wireless Internet will be ubiquitous and AT&T's network becomes less and less necessary--without affecting the quality of iPhone services. The money that was paid to AT&T now becomes available for other services.
Interestingly, Apple stores are selling the iPhone without selling an AT&T two-year calling plan. I doubt AT&T stores will allow people to walk out with an iPhone without a calling plan.
Will others be able to mimic the success of the iPhone? It is doubtful that other carriers would allow a similar arrangement. But that won't stop companies such as Nokia, Samsung and others from selling unlocked phones with Wi-Fi enabled features directly to customers. They will benefit from Apple's lead.
Shake, rattle, and roll
Without the Telcos limiting access to the Internet, and trying to control handsets, services, and applications, we will see Silicon Valley launch into its next big boom cycle.
I've been here since 1984 and noticed that each Silicon Valley boom cycle is larger than the one before, and affects more people than the one before. This next one is going to be absolutely massive, more like a sonic boom, and it will shake things up the world over, imho.
- - -
Please also see:
Wi-Fi phones a no-go, Siemens says — June 27, 2007
T-Mobile says hello to Wi-Fi calling service — June 27, 2007
February 13th, 2007
Nortel's burn the boats strategy...
Is it possible? Probably. I've bumped into Mr Ferriss at plenty of parties and events since then, and he always looks relaxed and prosperous.
His book, "The 4-Hour Workweek" launched this week and is already at #10 on Amazon.
Here is a brief description from Mr Ferriss:
Based largely on guest lectures I've given at Princeton since 2003 (high-tech entrepreneurship), it explains how I tested the extremes of outsourcing and automating life in a digital world over the last two years: virtualizing my businesses 100%, checking e-mail once every 10-14 days, even offshoring my online dating as a social experiment. It also includes case studies of people who have found similar "lifehacks" in more than 20 countries.
A 4-hour work week means local entrepreneurs could probably run 20 startups apiece. It could be a tremendous productivity boost to Silicon Valley's innovation (and disruption!)
. . .
Tim's upcoming book has lots of great tips on this and many other subjects related to our ... I recently met Timothy Ferriss, a kindred intellect. T...
... Tim Ferriss. Home. Book. About. Contact. The 4 Hour Workweek by Tim ... Silicon Valley Watcher. Trend Hunter. ZUG - Brilliant Corporate and Office...
It was an interesting turnout at the Social Media Club Tuesday evening. Social Media Club is run by my friends Chris Heuer and Kristie Wells.
Tuesday's theme was introduced by Raines Cohen and the subject was:"Saving the Earth through Social Media: Public Education about the Global Climate Crisis through Blogging and Web Publishing."
Not surprisingly, we barely scratched the surface, which is good because there are many ways to scratch this theme, especially since our tools are so new.
I didn't catch everybody's name but here are some of the web sites associated with the people at Tuesday's event, or recommended by them:
My apologies if I missed anyone. There was lots of great conversation, Chris will post the podcast.
What struck me about the evening was something that I noticed when I first arrived here in 1984--how little debate there is between groups of people. We spend way too much time with people we agree with most of the time.
The culture here rewards agreement but not debate. Americans tend to view debate as a disagreement and therefore it should be avoided. But in the UK, debate and disagreement are considered to be part and parcel of an excellent conversation.
Here, there is a strong tendency to only speak with like-minded people.
I'd love to know how we can use all these wonderful collaborative, social tools to engage in a conversation about global warming that is not parochial. Surely this is an issue that transcends Republican or Democrat labels? How do we get involved in debate rather than grandstanding?
I was discussing innovation Wednesday evening with my old buddy Tom Abate from The SF Chronicle. These chats always provide lots of fodder for posts.
And in talking about innovation I began to wonder if it was synonymous with disruption. I think it is, because if innovation is not disruptive it won't get funding, at least not here in Silicon Valley.
Is there a unit of disruption? I'll propose one: a $1Billion unit of disruption reached over 5 years (BUD).
1 BUD = A business process that has the potential to generate $1bn in annual sales within five years.
That's about the minimum upside that a Silicon Valley startup needs to show in order to get funding. More is better, a five BUD would be stellar.
And 1 BUD = 1 Innovation Unit. Because Innovation has to be disruptive, imho....
Tom Abate: MiniMediaGuy
FAST Search and Transfer has suddenly popped into my sphere of attention and I mean really popped. I got to spend some time at FAST's user conference at the end of last week, and it was an educational experience that got me interested in search again.
This Norwegian based enterprise software search company has made the subject of search compelling again. For too long GOOG has made it appear as if it had already won the search wars--anything better would be an incremental improvement.
Yet enterprise search--which is where FAST has staked its expertise--is a much more interesting subject than I imagined, and much more interesting than consumer search. Enterprise search is much more difficult problem, and one of the most challenging problems in IT.
Consumer search can be vague and still be successful. It can bring up a list of nearly relevant sites or documents, and usually that is all that is needed. But in the enterprise, search is usually needed to find something very specific, a contract, a purchase order, a memo.
And there are all sorts of conditions associated with access to data, some security based, others are regulatory. Search quickly becomes quite a complex process and one that can lead to other things.
Enterprises use a lot of structured data, but there is also a massive amount of unstructured data too. Search in the enterprise could potentially bring the two data world's together.
You might even be able to create enterprise applications by using modified search algorithms.
This type of scenario gets very interesting: enterprise applications by algorithm. This is already happening in business intelligence, I wonder how far, in theory, such an approach could be taken. Could you create CRM applications through search algorithms?
I'll be writing more about this subject, and FAST, over the next few days.
FAST Search and Transfer, the European based search giant, today announced software that allows online publishers to serve contextual ads to their readers.
This is a software package installed in a publisher's data center. FAST says that it could also be used by a third party to offer a ready made online contextual advertising network that could be used to service many smaller online publishers such as blog networks. This means it could be used to compete with up and coming advertising networks such as FM Advertising, and AdBrite.
Publishers collect between 30 per cent to 70 per cent of the revenues that their advertising network partners receive--an amount that varies according to each deal. Google doesn't disclose the revenue split.
With AdMomentum, large publishers can establish their own advertising networks that support contextual ads, and also offer a wide variety of other types of advertising revenue such as impressions, pay per click, and also auctions.
Advertisers have a self-service interface and the software API is compatible with current advertisement tracking tools.
More than a dozen large publishers around the world have been beta testing the software.
Perry Solomon, VP of strategic market development at FAST, told SVW: "AdMomentum can be used to target ads to specific groups of people. One of our customers in Norway is using it to target ads to people on a street by street basis."
"This is a way for publishers to capture the share of the revenues that have been going to the advertising networks," he added. "The publishers already have advertisers, and they have the content, they don't need the advertising networks. We can provide them with a revenue engine."
Nearly one-half of Google's revenues in the past, have come from its AdSense network, which serves advertising on sites owned by online publishers. Large publishers such as New York Times, Knight-Ridder, and Time-Warner use AdSense.
Foremski's Take: This is potentially a game changing product and it brings back the advertiser relationship to the publisher--where it belongs.
For example, I've always wondered why the New York Times would run AdSense on its online front page, and the AdSense ads carry a text link at the bottom "advertise on this site." That says to everyone "we have no clue how to monetise this space and have handed over the customer relationship to a third party." That is suicide in today's world.
The advertising networks take a huge cut considering that they establish self-service advertising interfaces and run a bunch of servers and some software. Well, now the publishers can now do the same and cut out the middleman.
I can also see AdMomentum being used by local newspapers to essentially become the "AdSense" for their regions. They could sign up smaller online publishers within their local towns and neighborhoods and provide a much better targeted service to businesses and residents.
FAST is headquartered in Norway and is publicly traded under the ticker symbol 'FAST' on the Oslo Stock Exchange. The FAST Group operates globally with presence in Europe, the United States, Asia, Australia, the Americas, and the Middle East. For further information about FAST, please visit www.fastsearch.com.
A short series of posts on the fastest growing trend in Silicon Valley (and the rest of the world): examining the potential consequences of mergers and acquisitions by massive private equity funds.
- IBM and large Silicon Valley companies are obvious acquisition targets as private equity firms readily raise multi-billion dollar funds.
. . .
- Will companies emerge leaner and meaner from private equity acquisitions? Or will they be weakened from higher debt loads? Their temporary owners know much about financial engineering but what about strategic positioning?
. . .
- Small investors are cut out of the lucrative deals pursued by private equity funds because only the very rich are allowed to invest. Yet many small investors will end up on the wrong end of those deals.
They face a likely scenario that their employer will be acquired by private equity funds and that their new owners will ask for salary and other restructuring concessions. It builds on stress between the super rich and those that aren't.
. . .
- Will we witness the failure of Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) regulations and the populist movement for greater corporate transparency?
The expense, and the management distraction of SOX compliance is a prime reason for taking public companies private. Plus, private companies suffer less from public scrutiny, a distinct competitive advantage.
. . .
- What is the future for NYSE, NASDAQ and other stock markets?
With the prospect of fewer public companies as private equity firms snap them up and take them private, the stock markets will have to do something. They will have to merge to maintain liquidity, which is exactly what they have been trying to do.
. . .
More on this topic later today and later this week. .. .
I've noticed lately that I feel more "personal" about my cell phone PDA and its data, than I do about my "personal computer."
I'm quite comfortable to have my email and basic applications such as wordprocessing and publishing reside on my web host's server somewhere out there, or on someone else's server. But I want to keep my cell phone/PDA close to hand, which is not the way I used to feel about my PC and my cell phone--two of the most useful technologies ever created.
Both have added a tremendous amount of value to my life--yet my cell phone PDA (Treo) increasingly feels closer, and more important to me, than my computer (Thinkpad X31).
And I think that personal connection with my cell phone will increase as Google and others, pull together online suites of applications and services. With the recent launch of the beta of Google Calendar (CL2) Google and Yahoo are accumulating many of the key components to build very good online suites. And Microsoft also wants to move its Office suite users online--as soon as it figures out the ad-support business model.
For example, Google will soon be able to offer integrated email, calendar, web publishing, news sources, wordprocessor, maps, search. . . with other services in the pipeline. That's a compelling mix because it will be all pre-mashed, and drag-and-drop/share-or-not (DAD/SON).
And it all lives out in the cloud, and I can access it all from any computer--which makes any PC less of a "personal" computer. But my cell phone/PDA increasingly feels more personal--it is with me 24/7--and I can't simply use someone else's cell phone/PDA and access my phone's data.
As I move more and more of my digital activities out onto the web, my cell phone/PDA grows more personal--but not my computer.
- - -
There is more on this subject on my ZDNet blog.
My post yesterday about my former boss at the Financial Times, Paul Abrahams, and his confessed difficulty in "getting" blogs caused a bit of stir. Mr Abrahams is a very senior figure in the PR world, he runs Waggener Edstrom's European headquarters and is one of Microsoft's strategic consultants.
Frank Shaw, a senior colleague of Paul Abrahams, and a noted blogger with his Glass House blog jumped into the fray very quickly, leaving comments on SVW, and other places, including his own blog. [This is exactly what you do in reaction to any potentially unfavorable publicity, (even if you are in the middle of moving house and family). It is a good case study.]
This follows hot on the heels of Colin Farrington’s shock declaration that he was not “that keen” on blogs. He is director general of the CIPR, the UK’s major PR support organisation and clearly does not have his finger on the pulse. His comments sent shockwaves among leading PR bloggers. Here is an extract:
“I’m not that keen on ‘blogs’.
“But then I wasn’t keen on DVDs, mobile phones, Ipods and Blackberries until they suddenly became an essential part of business and social life. I guess there’s a special marketing category for middle aged male professional ‘catchers-up’.
All very interesting stuff. I see this all as part of how things move forward, this is how progress is made. The pushbacks are all part of the process to achieve understanding.
I would sometimes tell people that blogging is the next big thing, and they would laugh. I say, don't confuse the content of many blogs with blogging. Blogging is the most visible part of a two-way media technology.
Internet 1.0 allowed us to publish to anything with a browser, now, with Internet 2.0, anything with a browser can publish back. It is a two-way Internet now, it is the Internet on steroids.
But as with all important concepts/ideas, the first stage is laughter and derision; the second stage is grudging acceptance; and the third is that it all becomes damn obvious.
We are all at different stages when it comes to blogging. But what I do know, is that if you have been blogging for any amount of time, and involved in the blogosphere, leaving comments, etc, then you and I have an understanding, and we are at the third stage.
And the beauty of all of this, is that there is no need to argue with Mr Abrahams, or others about the value of blogs and blogging, and the powerful nature of these media technologies. Because we can see a little bit into the future and we know what the future will bring. I know Mr Shaw at Waggener knows the future, and I know that Paul Abrahams will know it too.
- - -
Please also see Robert Scoble, the former MSFT champion blogger:
Speaking of good and bad PR, did you see Frank Shaw’s blog? He runs the Microsoft account for Waggener Edstrom and he had to clean up a mess by another PR guy in the UK who said “I don’t get blogs.” If a PR person said that to me I’d say “I don’t get why you’re still employed.”
It seems to me that if you don’t understand something you should work hard to understand it.
It is the 25 year anniversary of the PC and I have long wondered if the industry standard technologies that resulted from the PC revolution were accidental because the computer industry strongly favored proprietary technologies. It was good to discuss this subject when I recently met with IBM's top strategist, Irving Wladawsky-Berger.
We talked about the disruptive effect of the PC technology. It disrupted huge sectors in the computing industry, nearly all the minicomputer and mainframe companies were put out of business or disappeared through acquisitions. Even IBM barely survived--it had to reinvent itself as an IT services company.
There are many definitions of a disruptive technology, but to me, a disruptive technology is something which disrupts the business models of large numbers of companies. You can see the train wreck happening in front of you, but you cannot get out the way. Just like the minicomputer companies could see what was happening, but they couldn't change course, or downsize fast enough.
Mr Wladawsky-Berger said that it was IBM's research labs, the largest in the world, that helped save the company. "In labs, we were able to see a few years ahead and we could predict the disruptive effect of the PC but our management wasn't able to react fast enough."
He said that making the necessary changes at IBM, the cuts in staff and projects was very difficult to do. "People talk about having to 'eat your children' but those people clearly have no children of their own," he said.
I agree, as a father of two fantastic kids my instincts are to protect them as much as I can, and I can see how that kind of emotional involvement in business ventures, the people you work with, the communities created, makes it so tough to make the hard decisions.
I remember chatting with Ed Zander, the first interview since he left as president of Sun Microsystems. He said the worst thing about his job was laying off people at Sun, following the dotcom dotbust. Sun had never been in that position before, its culture was one of fast paced growth and loyalty to staff.
Mr Wladawsky-Berger said that this was why Lou Gerstner, an outsider, was brought in to run IBM. I read Mr Gerstner's account of those times in his excellent book, "Who says elephants can't dance?" He became the most unpopular person in the company, not to mention the loneliest job, but he had to be incredibly rigorous and disciplined in his ten-year-long transformation of IBM, in response to the incredible disruption wrought by PC technologies.
I asked about the PC standards created, the fact that IBM choosing off-the-shelf components and software for its IBM PC, created an open industry platform that spawned a massive industry. Up until then, proprietary computer systems were the way the computer industry made money, lots of it.
Mr Wladawsky-Berger said that IBM used off-the-shelf technologies to create the PC platform precisely because it did not take the threat from the PC seriously. "We dealt with big, complex computer systems, our management did not look to the PC as something that could seriously challenge our business."
But the researchers in IBM's labs did see the writing on the wall and eventually that message was recognized. IBM had a large enough business base that gave it time to make the changes needed for survival. Others didn't have the same solid customer base to enable such a transition.
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Irving blog: A collection of observations, news and resources on the changing nature of innovation and the future of information technology.
Business as a Complex, Continuously Evolving System
Reflections on blogging - one year later
SVW: The remaking of IBM: A chat with IBM chief strategist Irving Wladawsky-Berger
Advanced Micro Devices bid to acquire Canadian based ATI Technologies is a risky strategy because both companies are facing the same issue: big, pricey, client-side chips in PCs and other devices are becoming less important than server-side chips.
Wyse Technology, for example, maker of thin computing systems, has demonstrated an inexpensive six-core ARM processor with graphics, video, sound capabilities capable of handling 32-video streams simultaneously. A chip like that can be embedded inside a monitor, a keyboard, anywhere.
And with thin computing systems, you don't need local hard drives, DRAM or Flash memory. It becomes a highly sophisticated computing platform with very inexpensive clients.
This is the trend in today's world, where there is less and less need for a big general purpose X86 microprocessor plus a highly sophisticated graphics co-processor, sitting inside a PC. Wyse's solution is much, much, cheaper and can provide the same user experience as a fully loaded Windows XP PC. The applications are run on a server and the client device renders the graphics, video, and sound.
And as we move inexorably closer to an always-connected world, the thin computing model that Wyse and others advocate, becomes more practical and more cost effective. In addition, a thin computing architecture provides much more protection against viruses, spyware, and other nastyware, because the user experience is completely controlled from a central location.
Intel (an SVW sponsor) has already begun moving away from the client side of devices with its recent sale of part of its communications chip business. Intel knows that the money is in the server, that's the sweet spot. And yes, the PC market won't change overnight into a thin computing model but that is definitely where the world is heading, especially in fast growing developing regions.
And as for Nvidia, ATI's largest competitor, staying independent might be the best strategy. Nvidia can move into the thin computing markets without the need for a microprocessor partner because client-side thin computing doesn't require an X86 processor.
The AMD/ATI merger doesn't do much to address this trend towards thin computing, it is more to do with two companies facing the same issue while neither has a clear solution.
I've been writing about Oracle's moves to control the open source movement--or at least the database part of it. Dave Dargo, the CTO of Ingres, sent me his view on things. Ingres, BTW is a company to watch--it is likely to completely remake the traditional boundary between open source and enterprise software. And it is recruiting a top tier management team (Tom Berquist the star Wall Street analyst joins Ingres Wednesday March 1 as CFO and Jim Finn, who headed IBM North Americas communications joined recently).
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In many respects, you are spot-on. It must have sent a chill down the spine of the open source community to see the following quote in a Business Week story that preceded the acquisition of Sleepycat: "One source close to the talks [the rumored JBoss talks] says these deals may be just the beginning. 'Larry and [Oracle Co-President and CFO] Safra Catz have a clear plan to control the entire open-source [software] stack,' the person says."
I'd bet that anonymous quote did not come from the open-source camp.
Why is Oracle so interested in open-source all of a sudden? I don't think this is about Oracle moving into open-source so much as attempting to consume those open-source users into the larger Oracle machine.
By Tom Foremski for ZDNet
I am glad that some of my fellow ZDnet bloggers have caught up with this issue of Oracle buying up the open source movement. George Ou points to my Feb 16 post and references Dana Blankenhorn's Feb 17 and Feb 21 post.
George makes a good point that:"it doesn't seem to getting the kind of outrage that I expected."
There is a great comment left by one of the our wonderfully anonymous but absolutely clued in readers, Sxooter which lays things out quite well, the box of proprietary technology Larry Ellison has drawn around one his most troublesome comeptitors, MySQL.
[BTW, the reason MySQL did not take Larry's offer is that the company recently received financing from SAP and Intel and those companies have a self interest in maintaing an open source movement.]
Most of the comments on this issue continue to say that it is not possible to buy the open source movement. Yes, technically, this is true because development communities can fork off and continue on their merry way.
But this is a psychological battle and Mr Ellison is extremely good at shots across the bow, and "talking down" a competitor. In this case, actions speak louder than words.
Mr Ellison's strategy pours a bucket of cold water over the best efforts of the venture capital community to create more open source projects and companies that could be troublesome to Oracle. And one of those potential thorns in Oracle's side is the extremely well capitalized Ingres, a relational database company bought by investors from Computer Associates and staffed by a first tier management pack.
This is a company that in many ways, is typical of the VC investments being made in this sector. The goal is to recruit or acquire a developer community around an open sourced software product. Then sell services to enterprises below Oracle's costs.
The open source developer community does the development work and the company providing the enterprise services gets revenues and maybe gets sold. (If you are Ingres, you don't attract a hot-shot management team unless you promise a lot of gold...)
And my apologies for not being in the thick of it, I've been involved in the "PR hand basket to hell" discussions the past couple of weeks, and also running around trying to get more stories and interviews for SVW.
However, I stick to my point which is that the term innovation must have within its meaning the quality of being disruptive. Innovation occurs when companies or individuals are forced to adopt a process because of the overwhelming economic value it creates and to ignore it would make it impossible to survive.
Just because the term innovation is trendy and is used by large companies such as HP or Microsoft, does not mean that they use it correctly.
I agree totally with Mr Moore when he says large enterprises have an interest in maintaining the status quo. It is called protecting your business model. And they will rail and flail against any innovation that threatens that status quo.
And just because large enterprises say they are innovative does not mean that they are. Take Microsoft as a case in point. Microsoft executives use the "i" word in every other sentence as if saying it often enough will make it true.
Let's get back to the business and culture of innovation--this is a startup world here in Silicon Valley. If you are a startup you have big dreams and you have dreams of disrupting the world--so let's not try to reduce the power of the term innovation. It is the life blood of our world.
But hey, the big enterprises can claim to be innovative--it really doesn't matter because the new "dotcoms" will eat their lunch--this time around :-)
. . . a potential solution to the acquisition of the commons.
Can Larry Ellison be stopped? By which I mean could Oracle shut down the fledgling open-source software movement through a series of acquisitions??
Consider this: This week, (not) coincidentally with the open source conference at the Argent Hotel in San Francisco, Oracle announced the acquisition of Sleepycat, an up and coming open source database; MYSQL said Oracle tried to buy it; and industry insiders are saying the acquisition of JBoss by Oracle is imminent.
In one fell swoop, Oracle has drawn a square around the most active and interesting parts of the open source movement--the databases and tools. These are the platforms for applications. Applications are just skins on the database--if you own the database (Oracle) or access to the data (Net Apps) you are in the sweet spot.
Oracle isn't going to lose its customer base to challengers such as MySQL or Sleepycat. But it will lose some of the new IT business. And there is some new IT business out there--but it is all heading for open source. Become.com for example, a very successful shopping comparison web site--all runs on open source. And I cannot tell you how many startups have told me: All our IT is open source we don't pay a penny in license fees to anybody.
If you don't have a legacy requirement to run Oracle, you won't. It's as simple as that; and it's why Oracle wants to remove this option. Because it's not just the startups, it is also enterprise IT departments, that are now comfortable with using open source. That's a huge chunk of lost business if even a small number of Oracle's enterpise customers choose open-source equivalent products.
Oracle could lose tens of millions of dollars in new business from just a handful of large customers in a single quarter. It costs less than that to acquire these small, privately held companies.
Google, Skype and VCs working on creating planet-wide ubiquitous Wi-Fi with a $21.7m investment in startup FON.
It is a strategy that I predicted back in August:
I think it is very clear what Google's strategy is, or rather has to be. I think it is getting ready to do a wireless Telco buy. Because everything is rapidly being walled up into gated communities, and the gatekeepers are the cable companies and the wireless mobile phone companies (the land-liners are toast).
Those walled gardens can shut Google out, or put Google a click or two away....and on a mobile phone that might as well be Siberia, you are going to use the first search box you see and it doesn't have to be Google.
This is the battle for the last-mile--whoever controls the entry into the digital home controls a very lucrative content market.
Interestingly, FON has co-opted leading bloggers such as Dan Gillmor onto an advisory board, and who have also given their official blessing through allowing their quotes to be used in the press release.
Gartner and IDC and Forrester analysts usually provide such quotes and they are always paid by the company issuing the press release(!)
From the release:
The well regarded blogger/former newspaper columnist Dan Gillmor and telecom expert David Isenberg have already signed on to serve on the company's board of advisors, as has Esther Dyson, the well-known blogger Joi Ito and many others. For a complete list of the board of advisors visit http://en.fon.com/info/who-is-behind-fon.php
Here is the statement from GOOG and CSCO:
FON SECURES $21.7M TO CREATE WIFI PLANET
Yes, it is official, the 14-year old programmers are back, that means concrete proof that we have a new dotcom boom emerging–but this time with an interesting twist.
The twist is this: The 14 year olds are not being employed by corporations, as was the case during the dotcom-hungry-for-html-skills mania of Internet 1.0. They are being employed by the 18 year olds, their older brothers, in a sense.
[It is such a dreary, rainy day here in SF, and I have a touch of the flu, so I've been able to stay-in and catch up with stuff I should have written weeks ago.]
I recently had dinner with Selina Lo, CEO of Ruckus Wireless--a startup developing wireless multimedia IP technology for the home.
Women CEOs are rare in Silicon Valley but I don't think Ms Lo noticed. An organization would have to have a glass ceiling the thickness of a polar ice cap to keep Ms Lo in check--and I don't think that would work for long.
Take a glance at her bio:
GOOG missing its Wall Street estimates is the main focus of the media coverage of its Q4 numbers. The more interesting story is that Google continues to shift revenues to its own sites, and away from third-party sites in its AdSense advertising network, such as those operated by media companies.
Take a look at the release and what used to be about a 50/50 split in revenues coming from Google sites and network sites:
Google Sites Revenues -- Google-owned sites generated revenues of $1.098 billion, or 57% of total revenues. This represents a 24% increase over the third quarter revenues of $885 million.
Google Network Revenues -- Google's partner sites generated revenues, through AdSense programs, of $799 million, or 42% of total revenues. This is an 18% increase over network revenues of $675 million generated in the third quarter.
In Q3 revenues from Google sites grew 20 per cent as revenues from Google's network sites grew 7 per cent.
This shows that GOOG is accelerating its revenue shift from network sites. And why not? It doesn't have to share the revenues with network sites.
This is bad news for media companies such as the New York Times--a key AdSense partner.
It is also bad news for the many VC funded startups whose business models rely on becoming honey pots for Google AdSense clicks. The trend towards developing advertising supported web service applications could be a short one.
However, Microsoft might be able to exploit this shift if it can offer a better "AdSense" revenue model to Google's network sites.
Here is my ZDNet column on GOOG.
I've been drawing a lot of flak lately from the flacks in the PR industry, as I've been asking where is the disruption in their sector?
Why hasn't the PR industry joined the media industry's hand basket to hell? Media and PR industries have always moved pretty much in tandem--with maybe a six to nine month lag.
My posts have generated quite a lot of debate, and responses from leaders in the PR industry--which is wonderful. [That's one of the forgotten roles of a journalist--to be a muckraker, to challenge the accepted notions of our times.] Richard Edelman, for example, has written a lengthy post. And Steve Rubel, the top PR blogger, has also spent time discussing my posts on his blog Micro Persuasion.
I have a lot of respect for PR professionals (I use flack as an affectionate term, in the same way as I refer to myself and fellow journalists as hacks). I've worked with PR people for nearly 25 years both here and in London. We work on different sides of the same coin: we try to find and publish great, compelling stories. And the best PR folk think like journalists.
Lately, I have been challenging the PR industry to move away from business as usual because of the changing nature of communications and media.
I had an interesting chat last Friday with John Loiacono, Sun's software chief. Sun's software is the way it sells hardware and it is the hardware that is very interesting because Sun is very focused on lowering electric power consumption in the huge data centers of tomorrow, which will have hundreds of thousands of servers.
During the chat I asked him if someone were to try to build another Google, with its focus on inexpensive grids of PCs, could it be done more efficiently today using Sun's systems?
"Definitely, and we have systems running over there (Google) right now," he said. He also said that Google is thinking about whether it wants to be running its own data centers and developing its own software.
He added that Google created its own operating system to run its grids. And now there are some within Google that question whether they should continue doing that, especially since there is so much open source software, and middleware available (from Sun, of course :-) and increasingly, specialist grid builders.
He suggested that Google might outsource some of its infrastructure in the future, which would make sense if grid computing and utility computing take-off. After all, a machine cycle is just a machine cycle in the world of web services--it is what you do with it that counts--not the fact that you own and manage the infrastructure.
Here is my interview with Mr Loiacono on ZDNet:
I'm in a small, daylight filled conference room in Building 10 in Sun Microsystems Menlo Park campus with John Loiacono, head of Sun's software group. We've just met and sat down but he springs back up and walks over to the whiteboard, "let me just show you something . .."
This is normally not a good sign...
By Tom Foremski, for Silicon Valley Watcher
This class of software is sometimes referred to as roll-your-own or do-it-yourself software. Although they convey a meaning--they aren't that good because of the other connotations they invoke.
When I met with Joe Kraus, co-founder of Jotspot, before the holidays, he said it would be good to have a different term. And so here is my suggestion: skinny apps. Just skin it!
The reason is that there is an application layer or "skin" on top of a database. I've floated the idea over on ZDNet if you want to take a look at whether it floats or sinks in IT circles.
Or let me know if you have other suggestions.
Here is my most recent blog post on ZDNet:
It is based on a conversation I had with David Scott, CEO of 3PAR, which has a technology that can dramatically increase data storage capacity. It discusses fine-grained virtualization, which means tricking IT applications into thinking they have a huge amount of data storage space allocated to their needs.
What this also means is that the efficiency of utility computing systems is significantly increased and that raises the bar even higher for internal corporate IT systems versus outside providers. Server huggers beware :-)
It's just one more reason why there will be a booming business in decommissioning corporate IT data centers over the next few years, imho.
By Tom Foremski, Silicon Valley Watcher
My posts over the past few months on the subject of what happens if the old media dies before the new media learns to walk have been picking up a fair amount of interest out.
On Monday, I called for partners to work with SVW to help figure out what the new media will look like.
And I've already got several companies that are very interested in what could very well turn into a historic project. And there are a few other key companies that could very well become involved too, I'm getting quite excited at the possibilities...
Here is my post from this week:
Also, please read the comments, one from Kevin Maney, a newbie blogger from USA Today ;-)
More Than 1,900 Newspaper Jobs Lost in 2005 Aya Kawano
What happens if the old media dies too soon? The urgent need for solid online news media business models
Over the past few months I've been asking what happens if the old media dies before the new media learns to walk.
By which I mean, what happens if we lose much of the old media before the new media business models are formed?
It is Silicon Valley's top companies, such as Google, Yahoo and Ebay, that are devastating the old media business models. But the new media business models have not yet "grown up" to support the quality journalism that we need as a society.
The New York Times, for example, pays about $1.25m a year to have a Baghdad bureau, not to mention the rest of its huge editorial infrastructure. In contrast, online publishing relies heavily on revenues from Google text ads--but Google ads won't pay enough to fund a global network of journalists.
Google's blowout quarter
Google's blowout quarter last month means one thing: the old media is losing advertising dollars faster than we thought.
Those sales are not coming from market share gains against rivals such as Yahoo, since Yahoo also reported a very good quarter due to increased advertising.
And this is just the start of a trend that's likely to accelerate as print advertising sales contracts expire and budgets become free to shift to online advertising.
Swinging to extremes
We know what will happen in a situation like this: We will see a flood of online advertising as the pendulum swings to an extreme, before moving back towards the middle.
Which means that the old media will have its knees chopped from under it. Or perhaps the entire revenue-generating torso will be hacked off.
By Tom Foremski, Silicon Valley Watcher.com
Today's "leaked" Gates and Ozzie memos show that Microsoft finally "gets it" that the world has shifted towards the Big Computer in the Cloud.
Gates' Copernicus-like revelation that we no longer live in a PC-centric world is late but significant for Microsoft. But has MSFT's PC partner Intel realized the world has changed?
The last time I looked, Intel was quite happily promoting its latest and greatest PC microprocessors, vowing to make them ever more powerful and complex.
But with the Big Computer approach, for most tasks, you don't need super-smart PC clients, because the Big Computer can do the processing far faster than the client.
You just need a client that can render video/graphic/audio bits really fast and needs only a little bit of local smarts. And there are plenty of chips out there than can do this, and that don't cost several hundred dollars, as Intel's top of the line PC chips and chipsets.
Yes, there are many professional tasks that require a powerful PC client system, but for most of us, the Big Computer in the Cloud will do just fine once we get ubiquitous broadband--which isn't far away.
Take a look at my recent post-The Coming PC Crunch:Like a universe that finally feels the pull of its dark matter gravity and starts to pull back towards its singular moment of creation, the massive PC market could be facing the same pull on its further expansion.
The onward rise of the PC microprocessor, more powerful and complex than ever, won't be stopped by Moore's Law. It will much more likely be stopped by the fact that it becomes cheaper, and better to do the processing on a large computer system, rather than on a PC, no matter how fast the PC microprocessor.